Jean-Pierre Gautier

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Mre11 complex promotes repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Xenopus Mre11 (X-Mre11) has been cloned, and its role in DNA replication and DNA damage checkpoint studied in cell-free extracts. DSBs stimulate the phosphorylation and 3'-5' exonuclease activity of X-Mre11 complex. This induced phosphorylation is ATM independent. Phosphorylated X-Mre11 is(More)
Programmed cell death (PCD) is an integral part of many developmental processes. In vertebrates little is yet known on the patterns of PCD and its role during the early phases of development, when embryonic tissue layers migrate and pattern formation takes place. We describe the spatio-temporal patterns of cell death during early Xenopus development, from(More)
In the fission yeast S. pombe, the Mr = 34 kd product of the cdc2+ gene (p34cdc2) is a protein kinase that controls entry into mitosis. In Xenopus oocytes and other cells, maturation-promoting factor (MPF) appears in late G2 phase and is able to cause entry into mitosis. Purified MPF consists of two major proteins of Mr approximately equal to 32 kd and 45(More)
Cell cycle checkpoints lead to the inhibition of cell cycle progression following DNA damage. A cell-free system derived from Xenopus eggs has been established that reconstitutes the checkpoint pathway inhibiting DNA replication initiation. DNA containing double-strand breaks inhibits replication initiation in a dose-dependent manner. Upon checkpoint(More)
Highly purified maturation-promoting factor (MPF) from Xenopus eggs contains both cyclin B1 and cyclin B2 as shown by Western blotting and immunoprecipitation using Xenopus anti-B-type cyclin antibodies. Immunoprecipitates with these antibodies display the histone H1 kinase activity characteristic of MPF, for which exogenously added B1 and B2 cyclins are(More)
To test the hypothesis that primate populations are limited by food resources, we studied the feeding ecology of three cercopithecines and one colobine in a rain forest in central Gabon. Simultaneously, we monitored the fruiting phenology of trees and estimated the biomass of the monkey community. The Makandé Forest is dominated by Caesalpiniaceae and(More)
Minichromosome maintenance proteins (MCMs) form a family of conserved molecules that are essential for initiation of DNA replication. All eukaryotes contain six orthologous MCM proteins that function as heteromultimeric complexes. The sequencing of the complete genomes of several archaebacteria has shown that MCM proteins are also present in archaea. The(More)
Papio hamadryas was surveyed throughout its range in Saudi Arabia and was observed at altitudes ranging from 0 to 2300 m. Wild populations occur along the whole range of altitude, while commensal populations are only found above 850 m altitude. No variation in group size was found with altitude. Comparison of wild and commensal populations showed the(More)
Mammalian growth-associated H1 histone kinase, an enzyme whose activity is sharply elevated at mitosis, is similar to cdc2+ protein kinase from Schizosaccharomyces pombe and CDC28 protein kinase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae with respect to immunoreactivity, molecular size, and specificity for phosphorylation sites in H1 histone. Phosphorylation of specific(More)
Genetic studies in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe have established that a critical element required for the G2----M-phase transition in the cell cycle is encoded by the cdc2+ gene. The product of this gene is a serine/threonine protein kinase, designated p34cdc, that is highly conserved functionally from yeast to man2 and has a relative(More)