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Division inhibition caused by the minCD gene products of Escherichia coli is suppressed specifically at mid-cell by MinE protein expressed at physiological levels. Excess MinE allows division to take place also at the poles, leading to a minicell-forming (Min-) phenotype. In order to investigate the basis of this topological specificity, we have analysed(More)
Genes rcsC and rcsB form a two-component system in which rcsC encodes the sensor element and rcsB the regulator. In Escherichia coli, the system positively regulates the expression of the capsule operon, cps, and of the cell division gene ftsZ. We report the identification of the promoter and of the sequences required for rcsB-dependent stimulation of ftsZ(More)
The global regulator Mlc controls several genes implicated in sugar utilization systems, notably the phosphotransferase system (PTS) genes, ptsG, manXYZ and ptsHI, as well as the malT activator. No specific low molecular weight inducer has been identified that can inactivate Mlc, but its activity appeared to be modulated by transport of glucose via Enzyme(More)
Suppression of a dnaA46 mutation by integration of plasmid R100.1 derivatives in the termination region of chromosome replication in E. coli results in medium dependence, the suppressed bacteria being sensitive to rich medium at 42 degrees C. Derivatives of such bacteria have been selected for growth at 42 degrees C in rich medium and we have analyzed(More)
Temperature-sensitive mutants defective in cell division were isolated after localised mutagenesis of the terminus region of the Escherichia coli chromosome. The defective gene in one of these mutants, dicA, was mapped at 34.9 min by linkage with manA and with three physically characterized Tn10 insertions. Temperature-sensitivity conferred by mutation(More)
The phosphatase CDC25B is one of the key regulators that control entry into mitosis through the dephosphorylation and subsequent activation of the cyclin-dependent kinases. Here we study the phosphorylation of CDC25B at mitosis by the kinase pEg3, a member of the KIN1/PAR-1/MARK family. Using mass spectrometry analysis we demonstrate that CDC25B is(More)
NanoLC-MS/MS analysis was used to characterize the phosphorylation pattern in vivo of CDC25B3 (phosphatase splice variant 1) expressed in a human cell line and to compare it to the phosphorylation of CDC25B3 by Cdk1/cyclin B and Chk1 in vitro. Cellular CDC25B3 was purified from U2OS cells conditionally overexpressing the phosphatase. Eighteen sites were(More)
Aurora-A protein kinase, which is the product of an oncogene, is required for the assembly of a functional mitotic apparatus and the regulation of cell ploidy. Overexpression of Aurora-A in tumour cells has been correlated with cancer susceptibility and poor prognosis. Aurora-A activity is required for the recruitment of CDK1-cyclin B1 to the centrosome(More)
The Escherichia coli genes dicF and dicB encode division inhibitors, which prevent the synthesis and activity, respectively, of the essential division protein FtsZ. A mutation at the C-terminal end of the RNA polymerase beta subunit renders cells resistant to both inhibitors. In the mutant strain the level of the ftsZ gene product is higher than in the wild(More)
An extragenic multicopy suppressor of the cell division inhibition caused by a MalE-MinE fusion protein in Escherichia coli has been mapped and identified as yaeO, one of the two short open reading frames (ORFs) of an operon located at 4.6 min. Overexpressed yaeO also suppressed some temperature-sensitive mutations in division genes ftsA and ftsQ, in(More)