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Aldosterone is associated with the pathogenesis and progression of left ventricular hypertrophy and heart failure, independent of its relation with arterial blood pressure. However, little information exists about the possible influence of this mineralocorticoisteroid on cardiomyocyte electrical activity. The present study was designed to determine the role(More)
1. Aldosterone, a major ionic homeostasis regulator, might also regulate cardiac ion currents. Using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we investigated whether aldosterone affects the 4-aminopyridine-sensitive transient outward K+ current (I(to1)). 2. Exposure to 100 nM aldosterone for 48 h at 37 degrees C produced a 1.6-fold decrease in the I(to1)(More)
1. The nature, magnitude and kinetics of the 4-aminopyridine-sensitive early outward current (Ito) were analysed in isolated ventricular myocytes from the septum, the apex and the left ventricular free wall of rat ventricles using the whole-cell voltage clamp method. The modulatory effect of pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy on the regional(More)
Modulation of the regional distribution of the action potential by left ventricular hypertrophy and the role of the L-type Ca2+ current (I(Ca)) and transient outward current (I(to)) in the action potential duration (APD) were investigated in normal and hypertrophied rat ventricular myocytes from the apex (A), septum (S) and left ventricular free wall (FW)(More)
BACKGROUND A large calcium-insensitive transient outward current (I(to)) has been recorded in atria, left ventricular (LV) free wall, and right ventricular septal subendocardium of the human heart. Recent studies suggested a major contribution of this current to the electrical heterogeneity of the heart. However, no data have been reported on the(More)
BACKGROUND In human ventricular cells, the inwardly rectifying K+ current (IK1) is very similar to that of other mammalian species, but detailed knowledge about the K+-dependent distribution of open and blocked states during rectification and about the K+-dependent modulation of inactivation on hyperpolarization is currently lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
The effect of hypertrophy on membrane currents of rat left ventricular myocytes was studied with the whole cell voltage-clamp method. We found that the slope of the total time-independent current density-voltage relationship was increased in hypertrophied cells. No change in the zero-current potential was observed. Surprisingly, the dominant(More)
Nicorandil, a potent vasodilator substance which exerts its effects through complex mechanisms including KATP channel activation, has so far been reported to exert antiarrhythmic but not pro-arrhythmic cardiac activity. We now examined the effects of 10(-4) M nicorandil on spontaneously active or electrically driven isolated rabbit atria. Nicorandil (a)(More)
Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) damage in the heart occurs mainly during the first minutes of reperfusion. Urocortin (Ucn) is a member of the corticotrophin-releasing factor that has been identified as a potent endogenous cardioprotector peptide when used in pre- and postconditioning protocols. However, the underlying mechanisms are not completely elucidated.(More)
Abnormalities in cardiomyocyte Ca2+ handling contribute to impaired contractile function in heart failure (HF). Experiments on single ryanodine receptors (RyRs) incorporated into lipid bilayers have indicated that RyRs from failing hearts are more active than those from healthy hearts. Here, we analyzed spontaneous Ca2+ sparks (brief, localized increased in(More)
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