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In order to improve plant recovery from early heart-shaped Phaseolus embryos, several refinements were made to the embryo rescue technique developed previously in our laboratory. Using P. polyanthus Greenm. and P. vulgaris L. genotypes, a 20% increase in the germination rate was obtained by using Phillips salts and 25 μg.l-1 ABA. This germination medium(More)
The aim of this review is to highlight the role of myo-inositol phosphate synthase (MIPS), which catalyses the first step in inositol biosynthesis and of sucrose synthase (Sus), an enzyme involved in UDP-glucose formation, the principal nucleoside diphosphate in the sucrose cleavage reaction and in trehalose biosynthesis. These two enzymes are involved in(More)
Twenty landraces of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) scattered throughout Algeria were compared through morphological and genetic characterization. At the morphological level, for qualitative characters there was no intra-landrace variation and for quantitative characters the variations were low except for landrace NAG2 Three different cultigroups were(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Cucumis melo subsp. agrestis (Cucurbitaceae) is cultivated in many African regions for its edible kernels used as a soup thickener. The plant, an annual, andromonoecious, trailing-vine species, is of high social, cultural and economic value for local communities. In order to improve the yield of this crop, the first step and our aim were(More)
Predominant among the production constraints of the common bean Phaseolus vulgaris are infestation of Ascochyta blight, Bean Golden Mosaic virus (BGMV), and Bean Fly. Interbreeding with Phaseolus -coccineus L. and/or Phaseolus polyanthus Greenm has been shown to provide P. vulgaris with greater resistance to these diseases. For interspecific crosses to be(More)
A full-length cDNA encoding common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) sucrose synthase (designated as Pv_BAT93 Sus), which catalyses the synthesis and cleavage of sucrose, was isolated from seeds at 15 days after pollination (DAP) by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The full-length cDNA of Pv_BAT93 Sus had a 2,418 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a(More)
(1) Univ. Liege Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech. Unit of Tropical Crop Husbandry and Horticulture. Passage des Déportés, 2. B-5030 Gembloux (Belgium). E-mail: gabid@student.ulg.ac.be (2) Walloon Agricultural Research Centre. Department of Biotechnology. Chaussée de Charleroi, 234. B-5030 Gembloux (Belgium). (3) Institut National Agronomique de Tunisie. Department of(More)
Hybrid embryos resulting from crosses between Phaseolus species often fail to reach maturity and some combinations frequently abort at early developmental stages. The genetic or molecular basis for these consistent developmental defects is at present not clear. However, an extremely complex genetic system, thought to be caused by major epigenetic changes(More)
ISSR molecular markers have been used to investigate genetic diversity of oca (Oxalis tuberosa Mol.), an Andean neglected tuber crop species. Sampling procedure allowed a preliminary study of the genetic diversity at the intra- and intervarietal levels. Twenty tuber lots conserved in situ in the microcentre of Candelaria and ex situ in the Toralapa Centre(More)
In plants, the myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase (EC; MIPS) is an evolutionarily conserved enzyme protein and catalyzes the synthesis of myo-inositol, which is a central molecule required for cell metabolism and plant growth. A full-length cDNA encoding common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) MIPS (designated Pv_BAT93 MIPS) was isolated from seed of P.(More)