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Eukaryotic ribosomal RNAs are post-transcriptionally modified by methylation at the ribose sugar of specific nucleotides. This takes place in the nucleolus and involves a family of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) with long regions (10-21 nucleotides) complementary to rRNA sequences spanning the methylation site--a complementary snoRNA is required for(More)
By generating a specialised cDNA library from four different developmental stages of Drosophila melanogaster, we have identified 66 candidates for small non-messenger RNAs (snmRNAs) and have confirmed their expression by northern blot analysis. Thirteen of them were expressed at certain stages of D.melanogaster development, only. Thirty-five species belong(More)
Eukaryotic cells contain many fibrillarin-associated small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) that possess long complementarities to mature rRNAs. Characterization of 21 novel antisense snoRNAs from human cells followed by genetic depletion and reconstitution studies on yeast U24 snoRNA provides evidence that this class of snoRNAs is required for site-specific(More)
Small nucleolar RNAs (designated as snoRNAs in Eukarya or sRNAs in Archaea) can be grouped into H/ACA or C/D box snoRNA (sRNA) subclasses. In Eukarya, H/ACA snoRNAs assemble into a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex comprising four proteins: Cbf5p, Gar1p, Nop10p and Nhp2p. A homolog for the Nhp2p protein has not been identified within archaeal H/ACA RNPs thus(More)
The Plant snoRNA database (http://www.scri.sari.ac.uk/plant_snoRNA/) provides information on small nucleolar RNAs from Arabidopsis and eighteen other plant species. Information includes sequences, expression data, methylation and pseudouridylation target modification sites, initial gene organization (polycistronic, single gene and intronic) and the number(More)
Through a computer search of the genome of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the coding sequences of seven different box C/D antisense small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) with the structural hallmarks of guides for rRNA ribose methylation have been detected clustered over a 1.4-kb tract in an inter-open reading frame region of chromosome XIII. The(More)
RNA polymerase I terminates transcription of mouse rDNA 565 bp downstream of the 3' end of mature 28S rRNA. This specific termination event can be duplicated in a nuclear extract system. RNA molecules with authentic 3' ends are transcribed from ribosomal minigene constructs provided the templates retain a minimal length of downstream spacer sequences. The(More)
BACKGROUND Genomes from all organisms known to date express two types of RNA molecules: messenger RNAs (mRNAs), which are translated into proteins, and non-messenger RNAs, which function at the RNA level and do not serve as templates for translation. RESULTS We have generated a specialized cDNA library from Arabidopsis thaliana to investigate the(More)
We have found that intron 11 of the nucleolin gene in humans and rodents encodes a previously unidentified small nucleolar RNA, termed U20. The single-copy U20 sequence is located on the same DNA strand as the nucleolin mRNA. U20 RNA, which does not possess a trimethyl cap, appears to result from intronic RNA processing and not from transcription of an(More)
Following a search of the Pyrococcus genomes for homologs of eukaryotic methylation guide small nucleolar RNAs, we have experimentally identified in Pyrococcus abyssi four novel box C/D small RNAs predicted to direct 2'-O-ribose methylations onto the first position of the anticodon in tRNALeu(CAA), tRNALeu(UAA), elongator tRNAMet and tRNATrp, respectively.(More)