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We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence (4712 nucleotides) of the mouse 28S rRNA gene. Comparison with all other homologs indicates that the potential for major variations in size during the evolution has been restricted to a unique set of a few sites within a largely conserved secondary structure core. The D (divergent) domains, responsible for(More)
We used a biotinylated poly(dT) probe to localize poly(A) RNA in HeLa cells at optical and electron microscope levels. We established that the fluorescent speckled staining pattern corresponds at the ultrastructural level to the labeling of perichromatin fibrils, at least part of the population of perichromatin granules, and clusters of interchromatin(More)
Eukaryotic ribosomal RNAs are post-transcriptionally modified by methylation at the ribose sugar of specific nucleotides. This takes place in the nucleolus and involves a family of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) with long regions (10-21 nucleotides) complementary to rRNA sequences spanning the methylation site--a complementary snoRNA is required for(More)
In eukaryotes, the site-specific formation of the two prevalent types of rRNA modified nucleotides, 2'-O-methylated nucleotides and pseudouridines, is directed by two large families of snoRNAs. These are termed box C/D and H/ACA snoRNAs, respectively, and exert their function through the formation of a canonical guide RNA duplex at the modification site. In(More)
We have identified three C/D-box small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) and one H/ACA-box snoRNA in mouse and human. In mice, all four snoRNAs (MBII-13, MBII-52, MBII-85, and MBI-36) are exclusively expressed in the brain, unlike all other known snoRNAs. Two of the human RNA orthologues (HBII-52 and HBI-36) share this expression pattern, and the remainder, HBII-13(More)
A growing number of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) are intron-encoded, contain the characteristic box C (UGAUGA) and box D (CUGA) motifs and exhibit long complementarities to conserved sequences in mature rRNAs. We have identified nine additional members of this family, U32 to U40. All but one are encoded in introns of ribosomal protein genes in(More)
By generating a specialized cDNA library from the archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus, we have identified 57 novel small non-coding RNA (ncRNA) candidates and confirmed their expression by Northern blot analysis. The majority was found to belong to one of two classes, either antisense or antisense-box RNAs, where the latter only exhibit partial complementarity(More)
We have examined the intranuclear distribution of U1 and U2 small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs) in HeLa cells by electron microscope in situ hybridization using biotinylated DNA probes reacting at the surface of thin sections of Lowicryl-embedded cells. U1 and U2 snRNAs colocalized on perichromatin fibrils, clusters of interchromatin granules and coiled bodies. The(More)
A growing subset of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) contains long stretches of sequence complementarity to conserved sequences in mature ribosomal RNA (rRNA). This article reviews current knowledge about these complementarities and proposes that these antisense snoRNAs might function in pre-rRNA folding, base modification and ribosomal ribonucleoprotein(More)
All large rRNAs possess a common core of secondary structure. However, large variations in the size of the molecule have arisen during evolution, which are accommodated over a dozen rapidly evolving domains. Most of the enlargement of the eukaryotic molecules (as compared to prokaryotes) is in fact restricted over only two of these divergent domains, which(More)