Learn More
Influenza-like illness (ILI) surveillance is important to identify circulating and emerging/reemerging strains and unusual epidemiological trends. The present study aimed to give an accurate picture of the 2012-2013 ILI outbreak in Corsica by combining data from several surveillance systems: general practice, emergency general practice, hospital emergency(More)
BACKGROUND The investigation of dual influenza infection human cases is of major interest specifically for the control of new emerging influenza strains. OBJECTIVES Using RT-PCR assays, we retrospectively assessed the prevalence of dual influenza virus infections that occurred in patients during the 2006-2007 winter season in Corsica Island (France). (More)
Genetic and linguistic differentiations within Corsica were analysed and compared; the genetic relationships of Corsica to other Mediterranean populations were also studied. Lexical distances between 49 Corsican localities were computed from a standard word list; trees built from these distances were compared with average linkage and neighbour-joining trees(More)
Myoelectrical activity of the sphincter of Oddi was studied in 15 anaesthetized and laparotomized male rabbits, before and after injection of various doses of 13 Leucine Motilin (13 L Motilin), a biological and structural analogue of natural motilin. It can be concluded that 13 L Motilin provoked an increase of the sphincter of Oddi spike activity with(More)
The aim of this work was to compare the action of gastrointestinal (GI) hormones on the myoelectrical activity of the sphincter of Oddi. Using an experimental design previously described, we studied the electrical activity of the sphincter of Oddi and compared the percentage variation in the number of spikes before and after injection of hormones.(More)
BACKGROUND Influenza virus is one of the major viral respiratory pathogens infecting human beings. OBJECTIVES To determine the influenza A virus variants responsible for the 2006-2007 epidemic season in Corsica Island, France. STUDY DESIGN Of 134 nasal samples of adult patients tested by culture and RT-PCR assays, 85 influenza A strains were identified;(More)
Three human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class I loci (HLA-A, -B and -Cw) were typed for the first time at the DNA level in the Corsican population. This analysis was performed on 100 individuals of Corsican origin living in central Corsica (46 individuals) and in south-western Corsica (54 individuals). The genetic structure of these two subpopulations was(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyse the genetic patterns of Hemagglutinin (HA) genes of influenza A strains circulating on Corsica Island during the 2006-2009 epidemic seasons and the 2009-2010 pandemic season. METHODS Nasopharyngeal samples from 371 patients with influenza-like illness (ILI) were collected by General Practitioners (GPs) of(More)
Profiles of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) seroprevalence have shown large variability in European countries in which vaccination has not been implemented. Differences in micro and macro population structures (e.g. household and municipality, respectively) may explain such variability, which is the focus of a population-based study of varicella in 12,000(More)
The 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 post-pandemic influenza outbreaks were characterized by variability in the A(H3N2) influenza viruses, resulting in low to moderate vaccine effectiveness (VE). The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular evolution and vaccine strain match of the A(H3N2) influenza viruses, having been circulated throughout the population(More)