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The magnitude, the potency, the duration, and the specificity of histamine-induced cyclic AMP formation has been compared in human promyelocytic leukemic HL-60 cells and in human peripheral neutrophils. In HL-60 cells incubated at 37 degrees in the absence of phosphodiesterase inhibitor, histamine caused a 20-fold stimulation of basal cyclic AMP levels,(More)
The effects of polypeptide neurotoxin from Anemonia sulcata on nerve conduction in crayfish giant axons and on frog myelinated fibers have been analyzed. The main features of toxin action are the following: (i) the toxin acts at very low doses and its action is apparently irreversible. (ii) The toxin selectively affects the closing (inactivation) of the Na+(More)
The binding of 125I-Tyr4 bombesin was investigated on plasma membranes of 8 human breast cancer cell lines and 2 long-term cultures of normal human breast epithelial cells. Scatchard plots were compatible with high-affinity, single-site class of receptors in 3 cell lines (KD of 0.75 x 10(-9) and 10(-9) M, Bmax of 0.75 x 10(-13) and 9.7 x 10(-13) M/mg(More)
Functional and specific histamine H2 receptors were characterized in human peripheral monocytes and in U-937 cells, before and after retinoid acid-induced differentiation into monocyte/macrophage-like cells. The relative potencies of histamine and the H1, H2 receptor agonists and antagonists studied are remarkably similar in U-937 cells and U-937 monocytes.(More)
Spontaneous and all-trans-retinoic acid (RA)-induced differentiation of normal human monocytes and of leukemic THP-1 monocytes into macrophages resulted in a progressive loss of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate production induced by histamine via typical H2 receptors (H2R). In THP-1 cells and in HL-60 human acute myelocytic leukemia cells, RA treatment(More)
Histamine H2 receptor activity (cAMP generation) has been characterized in U-937 cells before and after retinoic acid-induced differentiation into monocyte-/macrophage-like cells. The differentiation is associated with a decreased capacity of U-937 monocytes to generate cAMP under basal conditions or after cell surface receptor stimulation by histamine,(More)
Retinoic acid, a derivative of vitamin A, is shown to inhibit the levels of inositol phosphates and diacylglycerol by 25-30% when added to intact HL-60 cells at concentrations which induce differentiation. The onset of inhibition occurs after 10 min and reaches a maximum at 45 min. To study the mechanism and the site of action of retinoic acid, the activity(More)
Essentially pure phenylalanine hydroxylase from rat liver can be activated between 2.5- and 3.0-fold by treatment with Mg2+, ATP, protein kinase, and cyclic AMP. The activation is seen when the hydroxylase is assayed in the presence of tetrahydrobiopterin, but not in the presence of 2-amino-4-hydroxy-6,7-dimethyltetrahydropteridine. In the presence of(More)
Electrophysiological analysis of the effects of scorpion toxin I, one of the neurotoxins from the venom of the scorpion Androctonus australis Hector, upon crayfish neuromuscular junctions has shown that the toxin strongly associates with the nerve terminal to stimulate release of neurotransmitters. The biochemical approach has shown that the binding of(More)