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The acquisition of invasiveness is a crucial step in the malignant progression of cancer. In cancers of the colon and of other organs the E-cadherin/catenin complex, which is implicated in homotypic cell-cell adhesion as well as in signal transduction, serves as a powerful inhibitor of invasion. We show here that one allele of the alphaE-catenin (CTNNA1)(More)
When epithelial cells reach confluency in vitro, a number of energy-requiring activities such as growth and motility are contact-inhibited. We investigated the possible role of the E-cadherin/catenin complex, which acts as an invasion suppressor, in contact inhibition. Three strategies for modulation of the complex were used. Firstly, the cell-cell adhesion(More)
Annexin V binding to phosphatidylserine was evaluated by flow cytometry to examine apoptosis in different lymphocyte subsets of peripheral blood mononuclear cells after a 24 h in vitro culture period. We also applied a 2 Gy dose gamma-irradiation prior to incubation to evaluate the additional apoptogenic effect of radiation on the lymphocyte subsets.(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effectiveness of high LET fast neutrons compared with low LET 60Co gamma-rays to induce apoptosis in resting lymphocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Apoptosis induction was quantified by light microscopic analysis of irradiated lymphocyte samples from healthy donors after 24 h culture. For the dose-response analyses doses ranging(More)
The quality of the hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific T-cell response may greatly determine the course of an HCV infection. An adequate T-cell response may contribute to a successful clearance of the virus and a rapid recovery from the disease. An inadequate response may lead to viral persistence and may eventually contribute to the pathogenesis of(More)
A potential application of the continuous renal replacement therapies is the extracorporeal removal of inflammatory mediators in septic patients. Cytokine elimination with continuous renal replacement therapies has been demonstrated in several clinical studies, but so far without important effects on their serum concentrations. Improved knowledge of the(More)
P-glycoprotein, a pump located in the plasma cell membrane, extrudes several clinically important drugs from the cell, and hence causes multidrug resistance. Reversing clinical drug resistance is possible by using agents that inhibit the activity of P-glycoprotein. We describe the results of sequential flow cytometric determinations of P-glycoprotein(More)
Chemokines are important mediators of angiogenesis, hematopoiesis and leucocyte trafficking. CC Chemokine Ligand-18 (CCL18)/ pulmonary and activation-regulated chemokine (PARC) is a circulating chemokine that plays a role in injury healing, physiological homing of mononuclear blood cells and inflammatory responses. CCL18/PARC is also expressed in(More)
Loss of plasma membrane asymmetry, resulting in the exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS), is considered to be an 'early' event in apoptosis. It is generally accepted to precede nuclear condensation, independent of the apoptosis inductive agent. In the present study we focus on 2 apoptotic parameters: PS exposure in comparison with morphological alterations.(More)
The role of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) in the pathogenesis of septic shock has been assessed by daily measurements of serum TNF-alpha levels in 60 patients admitted to the medical intensive care unit. All patients in the study had infectious disease and were at risk for the development of sepsis and septic shock. Sepsis was diagnosed in 34 patients,(More)