Jean-Philippe Rousseau

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We demonstrate that a beam of x-ray radiation can be generated by simply focusing a single high-intensity laser pulse into a gas jet. A millimeter-scale laser-produced plasma creates, accelerates, and wiggles an ultrashort and relativistic electron bunch. As they propagate in the ion channel produced in the wake of the laser pulse, the accelerated electrons(More)
We present a setup for complete characterization of femtosecond pulses generated by seeded free-electron lasers (FELs) in the extreme-ultraviolet spectral region. Two delayed and spectrally shifted replicas are produced and used for spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction (SPIDER). We show that it can be achieved by a simple(More)
Respiratory reflexes and tolerance to hypoxia show significant sexual dimorphism. However, the data supporting this notion originates exclusively from mammals. To determine whether this concept is limited to this group of vertebrates, we examined the sex-specific response to acute hypoxia in an adult reduced brainstem preparation from Xenopus laevis. Within(More)
The emergence of air breathing during Lithobates catesbeianus development requires significant changes to the brainstem circuits that generate and regulate breathing; however, the mechanisms responsible for initiating this transformation remain largely unknown. Because amphibian metamorphosis is regulated by hormones such as aldosterone, corticosterone, and(More)
In vitro brain stem preparations from goldfish (Carassius auratus) were used to first determine whether this species possesses central chemoreceptors able to modulate respiratory activity. Preparations were superfused with an artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF); fictive breathing was recorded extracellularly by placing a suction electrode on cranial nerve(More)
Three new 125I-radioiodinated estrogens featuring a 13beta-ethyl instead of the natural 13beta-methyl group, i.e. 18-homoestradiols, were synthesized and evaluated as potential estrogen receptor imaging agents. The 16alpha-iodo-18-methylestradiol and the 125I-labeled analog were synthesized from the corresponding 16beta-bromo analog by the halogen-exchange(More)
Radioiodinated 11 beta-methoxy-(17 alpha,20E)iodovinylestradiol (11 beta-OMe-IVE2) shows high estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated uterus uptake and good potential as an ER-imaging agent. In order to examine the tolerance of the ER for modification about the iodovinyl substituent, we prepared the (17 alpha,20Z-chloro)21-chloro-21-iodovinylestradiol (4a) and(More)
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