Jean-Philippe Girard

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Obesity is a disorder of energy balance, indicating a chronic disequilibrium between energy intake and expenditure. Recently, the mouse ob gene, and subsequently its human and rat homologues, have been cloned. The ob gene product, leptin, is expressed exclusively in adipose tissue, and appears to be a signalling factor regulating body-weight homeostasis and(More)
While patrolling the body in search of foreign antigens, naive lymphocytes continuously circulate from the blood, through the lymph nodes, into the lymphatic vessels and back to the blood. This process, called lymphocyte recirculation, provides the body with effective immune surveillance for foreign invaders and for alterations to the body's own cells.(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is an IL-1-like cytokine ligand for the IL-1 receptor-related protein ST2, that activates mast cells and Th2 lymphocytes, and induces production of Th2-associated cytokines in vivo. We initially discovered IL-33 as a nuclear factor (NF-HEV) abundantly expressed in high endothelial venules from lymphoid organs, that(More)
Primary dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by sustained muscle contractions and in which dystonia is the only or predominant clinical feature. TOR1A(DYT1) and the transcription factor THAP1(DYT6) are the only genes identified thus far for primary dystonia. Using electromobility shift assays and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) quantitative(More)
OBJECTIVE Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) have been intrinsically linked to a deregulated cytokine network, but novel therapeutic principles are urgently needed. Here we identify the interleukin (IL)-33 and its receptor ST2 as key negative regulators of wound healing and permeability in the colon of mice. DESIGN Expression of IL-33 and ST2 was(More)
Lymphocyte migration into tumors remains poorly understood, despite the critical impact of these cells on cancer clinical outcome. Our recent study demonstrates the presence of blood vessels specialized in lymphocyte recruitment called high endothelial venules (HEVs) in human solid tumors and their correlation with lymphocyte infiltration and favorable(More)
Beyond the presence of insulin receptors, little is known of the mechanisms underlying the biological effects of insulin in the placenta. We show that phosphorylation of MAPK and protein kinase B were enhanced 286 +/- 23% and 393 +/- 17% upon insulin stimulation of JAr placental cells. MAPK activation was prevented by pretreatment with PD98059 but was(More)
IL-33 (previously known as NF from high endothelial venules) is an IL-1 family cytokine that signals through the ST2 receptor and drives cytokine production in mast cells, basophils, eosinophils, invariant NKT and NK cells, Th2 lymphocytes, and type 2 innate immune cells (natural helper cells, nuocytes, and innate helper 2 cells). Little is known about(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a protein essential for the development and maintenance of the peripheral sympathetic nervous system, causing responsive neurones to increase in size and to extend neurites. Biochemically, the selective induction of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and dopamine beta-hydroxylase key enzymes in catecholamine biosynthesis is one of its(More)
The cellular localization of GLUT3 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein was examined in human term placenta using a combination of methodologies. In situ hybridization indicated that GLUT3 mRNA was present in the trophoblast cell layer and in vascular endothelium with a heterogeneous distribution pattern. GLUT3 protein migrating at an apparent(More)