Jean-Philippe Carralot

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Since direct injection of naked mRNA induces an immune response, we tested the capacity of RNA to signal danger. We show here that mRNA molecules that are protected from immediate degradation either through interaction with cationic proteins (trans protection) or through chemical modification of the phosphodiester backbone (phosphorothioate RNA; cis(More)
Vaccination against tumor antigens has been shown to be a safe and efficacious prophylactic and therapeutic antitumor treatment in many animal models. Clinical studies in humans indicate that specific immunotherapy can also result in clinical benefits. The active pharmaceutical ingredient in such vaccines can be DNA, RNA, protein, or peptide and can be(More)
We reported that RNA condensed on protamine is protected from RNase-mediated degradation and can be used for vaccination. Here, we show that such complexes are also danger signals that activate mouse cells through a MyD88-dependent pathway. Moreover, mRNA-protamine complexes stimulate human blood cells. They strongly activate DC and monocytes, leading to(More)
Infection with the common pathogen Chlamydophila pneumoniae (Cpn, previously Chlamydia pneumoniae) has a high prevalence in patients suffering from arteriosclerosis and may trigger or contribute to heart disease. In mice, CD8-positive T cells are critical for the eradication of the infection and the development of immune memory against Cpn. Although several(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-tumor vaccines targeting the entire tumor antigen repertoire represent an attractive immunotherapeutic approach. In the context of a phase I/II clinical trial, we vaccinated metastatic melanoma patients with autologous amplified tumor mRNA. In order to provide the large quantities of mRNA needed for each patient, the Stratagene Creator SMART(More)
The definition of an optimal siRNA results from the in vitro testing of several siRNA designed to specifically target a gene. Usually, such in vitro tests consist in the transfection of the several siRNA duplexes in a cell expressing stably the gene of interest. When a siRNA specific for a mRNA coding toxic proteins (certain transcription factors,(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) directed against Plasmodium falciparum-derived antigens were shown to play an important role for the protection against malaria. Although several CTL epitopes have been identified from P. falciparum sporozoite-derived antigens, none has been described for the merozoite form. Since the merozoite surface protein (MSP)-1 is a(More)
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