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Reynolds' abstraction theorem shows how a typing judgement in System F can be translated into a relational statement (in second order predicate logic) about inhabitants of the type. We (in second order predicate logic) about inhabitants of the type. We obtain a similar result for a single lambda calculus (a pure type system), in which terms, types and their… (More)

Reynolds' abstraction theorem (Reynolds, J. C. (1983) Types, abstraction and parametric polymorphism, Inf. Process. 83(1), 513–523) shows how a typing judgement in System F can be translated into a relational statement (in second-order predicate logic) about inhabitants of the type. We obtain a similar result for pure type systems (PTSs): for any PTS used… (More)

We describe a systematic method to build a logic from any programming language described as a Pure Type System (PTS). The formulas of this logic express properties about programs. We define a parametricity theory about programs and a realizability theory for the logic. The logic is expressive enough to internalize both theories. Thanks to the PTS setting,… (More)

Earlier studies have introduced a list of high-level evaluation criteria to assess how well a language supports generic programming. Since each language that meets all criteria is considered generic, those criteria are not fine-grained enough to differentiate between languages for generic programming. We refine these criteria into a taxonomy that captures… (More)

This paper is concerned with testing properties of polymor-phic functions. The problem is that testing can only be performed on specific monomorphic instances, whereas parametrically polymorphic functions are expected to work for any type. We present a schema for constructing a monomorphic instance for a polymorphic property, such that correctness of that… (More)

Earlier studies have introduced a list of high-level evaluation criteria to assess how well a language supports generic programming. Languages that meet all criteria include Haskell because of its type classes and C++ with the concept feature. We refine these criteria into a taxonomy that captures commonalities and differences between type classes in… (More)

Structured documents are commonly edited using a free-form editor. Even though every string is an acceptable input, it makes sense to maintain a structured representation of the edited document. The structured representation has a number of uses: structural navigation (and optional structural editing), structure highlighting, etc. The construction of the… (More)

Reynolds' abstraction theorem has recently been extended to lambda-calculi with dependent types. In this paper, we show how this theorem can be internalized. More precisely, we describe an extension of the Pure Type Systems with a special parametricity rule (with computational content), and prove fundamental properties such as Church-Rosser's and strong… (More)

Dependent type-theory aims to become the standard way to formalize mathematics at the same time as displacing traditional platforms for high-assurance programming. However, current implementations of type theory are still lacking, in the sense that some obvious truths require explicit proofs, making type-theory awkward to use for many applications, both in… (More)

We present a divide-and-conquer algorithm for parsing context-free languages efficiently. Our algorithm is an instance of Valiant's (1975), who reduced the problem of parsing to matrix multiplications. We show that, while the conquer step of Valiant's is <i>O</i>(<i>n</i><sup>3</sup>) in the worst case, it improves to <i>O</i>(log<i>n</i><sup>3</sup>),… (More)