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The aim of this study was to investigate the potential role of adipose cytokines in the obesity-associated insulin resistance. To that end, we compared: 1) serum concentrations of interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), and leptin in eight healthy lean control females and in android obese female without (n = 14) and with (n = 7) type 2(More)
It now appears that, in most obese patients, obesity is associated with a low-grade inflammation of white adipose tissue (WAT) resulting from chronic activation of the innate immune system and which can subsequently lead to insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance and even diabetes. WAT is the physiological site of energy storage as lipids. In(More)
It has been shown that elevated extra- and intra-cellular glucose concentrations result in an oxidative stress, which is defined as an imbalance between prooxidants and antioxidants. Several mechanisms seem to be involved in the genesis of this oxidative stress, which has been reported both in experimental diabetes in animals and in type 1 and type 2(More)
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are associated with insulin resistance, the mechanisms of which remain poorly understood. A significant correlation between circulating IL-6 level and insulin sensitivity has recently been found in humans. Because adipose tissue could be a significant source of IL-6, we analyzed the relationship between the levels of adipose(More)
IL-6 has emerged as an important cytokine upregulated in states of insulin resistance such as type 2 diabetes. We evaluated the chronic effect of IL-6 on insulin signaling in 3T3-F442A and 3T3-L1 adipocytes. First, cells responded to a chronic treatment with IL-6 by initiating an autoactivation process that increased IL-6 secretion. Second, IL-6-treated(More)
White adipose tissue was believed to be just an energy-storage organ, but it is now recognized to be an active participant in energy homoeostasis and physiological functions such as immunity and inflammation. Macrophages are components of adipose tissue and actively participate in its activities. Adipose tissue is known to express and secrete a variety of(More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed the relationships between four circulating acute phase proteins and the circulating and adipose tissue levels of three adipocytokines. SUBJECTS In all, 15 nondiabetic obese women with a body mass index (BMI) above 32 kg/m(2) were investigated. METHOD Circulating concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), alpha 1 acid glycoprotein(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the incidence and determinants of diabetes in a cohort of HIV-infected adults initiated with combination antiretroviral treatment (cART) in 1997-1999 and followed up to 2009. DESIGN Prospective study of 1046 patients at 47 French clinical sites. METHODS Potential determinants of diabetes occurrence, defined by confirmed increased(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of unstable angina and non-Q-wave myocardial infarction is still poorly understood, and early evaluation of prognosis remains difficult. We therefore studied the predictive value of 5 biological indicators of inflammation, thrombogenesis, vasoconstriction, and myocardial necrosis, and we examined the effects of enoxaparin and(More)
Human lipodystrophies represent a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by generalized or partial fat loss, with fat hypertrophy in other depots when partial. Insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and diabetes are generally associated, leading to early complications. Genetic forms are uncommon: recessive generalized congenital lipodystrophies result in(More)