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Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) causes nocturnal chronic intermittent hypoxia (IH) that contributes to excess cardiovascular morbidity. To explore the consequences of IH, we used our recently developed model of nocturnal IH in healthy humans to characterise the profile of this blood pressure increase, to determine if it is sustained and to explore(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is inducing oxidative stress and consequently promotes systemic inflammation and cardiovascular morbidity. The respective impact of obesity, sleep apnea and acute cardiovascular events on the profile of inflammatory cytokines has not been extensively evaluated. We examined the profile of circulating cytokines in a case-control(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular impairment, a main feature of the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc), involves both the macro- and the microvasculature. We compared and correlated simultaneously measured skin microvascular and brachial artery macrovascular post-occlusive hyperemia in 3 groups: patients with SSc, patients with primary Raynaud's phenomenon (RP), and(More)
Severity of oxygen desaturation is predictive of early atherosclerosis in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Leukotriene (LT)B(4) is a lipid mediator involved in atherogenesis. In 40 non-obese OSA patients, free of a cardiovascular history, and 20 healthy volunteers, the following were evaluated: 1) LTB(4) production by polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs)(More)
RATIONALE Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have shown that continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) reduces blood pressure (BP). CPAP treatment has never been compared with antihypertensive medications in an RCT. OBJECTIVES To assess the respective efficacy of CPAP and valsartan in reducing BP in(More)
AIMS Limited data are available on iron parameters in patients hospitalized for decompensation of chronic heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Iron parameters of patients hospitalized for decompensation of chronic heart failure were prospectively assessed during the 72 h after hospital admission. Iron deficiency was defined according to the 2012 European(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by recurrent apnea during sleep that may unbalance oxidative stress, increasing atherosclerosis. Among oxidative stress markers, 15-F(2t)-isoprostane is considered one of the most sensitive and specific metabolites of lipid peroxidation. To explore the relationship between urinary 15-F(2t)-isoprostane with(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To characterize carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque occurrence in patients with newly diagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) without known cardiovascular disease. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Sleep Laboratory and Department of Cardiology of Grenoble University Hospital. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTION OSA syndrome is(More)
In contrast with the huge amount of experimental data available, only few and somewhat unconvincing clinical studies support the hypothesis that oxidative stress is involved in the early stages of essential hypertension in humans. Isoprostanes are chemically stable lipid peroxidation products of arachidonic acid, the quantification of which provides a novel(More)
BACKGROUND In newly diagnosed apnoeic patients without a history of hypertension, clinical hypertension is underdiagnosed in at least 40% of the cases. An increase in diastolic blood pressure is the most frequent pattern encountered. OBJECTIVE To assess clinic and 24-h blood pressure, baroreflex sensitivity and left ventricular mass for identifying the(More)