Jean - Philippe Avouac

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well-defined properties of RuBisCO (Fig. 3). At 25-C, an increase in [CO 2 ] to 550 ppm should increase light-saturated photosynthesis by 36%. The average increase observed for C 3 crops in FACE was 20% for the daily integral of photosynthetic CO 2 uptake, 17% for total biomass, and just 13% for yield (Fig. 3). This suggests that a series of feedbacks(More)
[1] The Pakuashan anticline is an active fault tip fold that constitutes the frontal most zone of deformation along the western piedmont of the Taiwan Range. Assessing seismic hazards associated with this fold and its contribution to crustal shortening across central Taiwan requires some understanding of the fold structure and growth rate. To address this,(More)
Based on geomorphic observations, we discuss lake-level fluctuations, alluvial deposition and river entrenchment in the Dead Sea–Wadi Araba area. The bulk of alluvium in the northern Wadi Araba was probably deposited before the Lisan period of lake transgression that started at about 70 kyears B.P. The lake reached a maximum elevation about 150 m below sea(More)
[1] The Taiwan mountain belt is composed of a Cenozoic slate belt (Hsuehshan Range units, HR, and Backbone Slates, BS) and of accreted polymetamorphic basement rocks (Tananao Complex, TC). Ongoing crustal shortening has resulted from the collision between the Chinese continental margin and the Luzon volcanic arc, which initiated 6.5 Ma ago. The grade and(More)
[1] The Taiwan mountain belt is classically viewed as a case example of a critical wedge growing essentially by frontal accretion and therefore submitted to distributed shortening. However, a number of observations call for a significant contribution of underplating to the growth of the orogenic wedge. We propose here a new thermokinematic model of the(More)
The Chelungpu fault produced the September 1999 Mw=7.6 ChiChi earthquake, central Taiwan. The shortening rate accommodated by this structure, integrated over several seismic cycles, as well as its contribution to crustal shortening across the Taiwanese range has remained unresolved. To address this issue, we focus our study on the Chelungpu and Chushiang(More)
[1] The Taiwanese range has resulted from the collision between the Luzon volcanic arc and the Chinese continental margin, which started about 6.5 Myr ago in the north, and has since propagated southward. The building of the range has been recorded in the spatiotemporal evolution of the foreland basin. We analyze this sedimentary record to place some(More)
[1] We analyze the mechanical properties needed to account for the large shallow slip during the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake and the activation of landward normal faulting within the forearc. We show that the morphology and internal structure of the forearc follows closely the prediction of the critical Coulomb wedge in horizontal compression, implying a(More)
An archetypal example of inverted metamorphism purportedly resulting from shear heating is found in the Pelona Schist of southern California (United States). Recent studies demonstrate that the Pelona Schist was subducted and accreted at the onset of Laramide fl at subduction under thermal and kinematic conditions not considered in earlier numerical models.(More)