Jean Paul Thénot

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Oxidative metabolism of diltiazem (DTZ), a calcium channel blocker, was investigated in rabbit and human liver microsomes as well as in primary cultures of human hepatocytes. DTZ N-demethylation, the major metabolic pathway in man, was strongly increased by treatment of animals, patients, and hepatocyte cultures with rifampicin and other inducers of the(More)
Zolpidem [N,N-6-trimethyl-2-(4-methylphenyl)imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3- acetamide] administered as the hemitartrate salt has proven to be an effective hypnotic agent in animals and humans. This study describes the pharmacokinetic behavior of zolpidem in plasma and brain of rat after i.v. and p.o. administration of 2.63 mg.kg-1 of [14C]zolpidem (dose expressed(More)
The aim of this study was to identify the form(s) of cytochrome P450 (CYP) responsible for the biotransformation of zolpidem to its alcohol derivatives which, after rapid conversion to carboxylic acids, represents the main way of metabolism in humans. In human liver microsomes, zolpidem was converted to alcohol derivatives. Production of these correlated(More)
The flame retardant, tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate (tris-BP), which is a mutagen and causes cancer and sterility in animals is absorbed from fabric by people. 2,3-Dibromopropanol, a metboloite of tris-BP and a mutagen itself, has been found in the urine samples of ten children who were wearing or who had worn tris-BP-treated sleepwear. Eight of these(More)
The kinetic profile of diltiazem, a novel calcium antagonist, was studied in 12 volunteers following oral (60 mg) and intravenous (15 mg) administration. After i.v. administration biphasic elimination was observed, with a distribution half-life of 0.3±0.2 h and an elimination half-life of 3.1±1.0 h; the apparent volume of distribution was 5.3±1.71/kg and(More)
Eighteen newborns (gestational age 28 to 42 weeks and post-natal age 0.5 to 44 days) suffering from convulsions not controlled by phenobarbital were treated with clonazepam 0.1 mg/kg (8 cases) or 0.2 mg/kg (10 cases) administered by slow intravenous infusion. The plasma half-lives in these ‘phenobarbital pretreated neonates’ were of the same order of(More)
Thiocolchicoside (TCC) has been prescribed for several years as a muscle relaxant drug, but its pharmacokinetic (PK) profile and metabolism still remain largely unknown. Therefore, we re-investigated its metabolism and PK, and we assessed the muscle relaxant properties of its metabolites. After oral administration of 8 mg (a therapeutic dose) of(More)
A sensitive and specific noncompetitive rat prolactin (rPRL) enzyme immunoassay (EIA) is described. In this assay, the same rabbit anti-rPRL antibody is both adsorbed to a solid-phase support, i.e. 96-well microtiter plates and conjugated covalently to peroxidase as a tracer. PRL being sandwiched between antibody molecules, the enzymatic activity is thus(More)
The influence of progabide, a new antiepileptic drug, on the pharmacokinetic profiles of phenobarbital, phenytoin, carbamazepine, and valproic acid was evaluated in four separate studies, each including six young healthy volunteers. The pharmacokinetic parameters of the associated antiepileptic drugs were measured before and after repeated administration of(More)