Jean-Paul Payan

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The developmental toxicity and placental transfer of di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) were evaluated in Sprague-Dawley rats given a single oral dose of DBP on Gestational Day 14. In the developmental toxicity study, dams were dosed with 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, or 2 g DBP/kg and were necropsied on GD21. Increased incidence of resorptions and reduced fetal body weight were(More)
Cochlear disruptions induced by toluene were shown in the rat but not in the guinea pig. To better understand the differences between species, three investigations were carried out to study (1) the blood affinity and the pulmonary uptake of the solvent, (2) its clearance and (3) its urinary elimination in both species. The blood affinity of toluene was +44%(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the percutaneous absorption flux of BaP (20 μg/cm2 in ethanol) and the usefulness of urinary 3-OHBaP as a bio-indicator of dermal exposure to BaP. The percutaneous absorbed dose and absorption flux were estimated by comparison with intravenous administration of BaP (0.01 and 0.05 mg/kg in Cremophor®) as reference way.(More)
The excretion and metabolism of neurotoxic 1,2-diethylbenzene (1, 2-DEB) was studied in male Sprague-Dawley rats after i.v. (1 mg/kg) or oral (1 or 100 mg/kg) administration of 1,2-diethyl[U-(14)C]benzene ([(14)C]1,2-DEB). Whatever the treatment, radioactivity was mainly excreted in urine (65-76% of the dose) and to a lower extent in feces (15-23% of the(More)
This study evaluates the developmental toxicity and placental and milk transfer of N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) in rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were given 0, 50, 100, 200, and 300 mg DMF/kg/day, by gavage, on Gestational Days (GD) 6 through 20. Maternal toxicity was indicated by depressions in weight gain and food consumption at doses >/=100 mg/kg. Fetal(More)
This study evaluates the developmental toxicity and placental transfer of 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE) in rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were given 0-2.4 mmol DCE kg-1 day-1 by gavage, or were exposed for 6 hr per day to 0-300 ppm DCE by inhalation, from Day 6 to 20 of gestation. Maternal toxicity was observed after inhalation exposure to 300 ppm DCE and oral(More)
Neat N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) rapidly penetrated into the skin of male Sprague-Dawley rats after in vivo and in vitro topical application. At the two topical doses tested in vivo, no steady state was observed. The maximal absorption fluxes were 10 and 20 mg/cm(2)/h for 20 microl/cm(2) and 40 microl/cm(2), respectively. Similar results were observed(More)
Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intraperitoneally with physiological saline solution (vehicle) or cadmium chloride (CdCl2) at 2.0 or 2.5 mg kg-1 on days 8, 10, 12 and 14 of gestation. On postnatal day (PND) 3, 12 or 49, the offspring were examined for 8- or 24-h urinary excretion of beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2-m), metallothionein (MT) and(More)
In a previous study, it was shown that the neurotoxic compound 1,2-diethylbenzene (1,2-DEB) is mainly hydroxylated in the alkyl chain to give 1-(2'-ethylphenyl)ethanol (1,2-EPE) and excreted in urine of rats as two glucuronide compounds (GA1 and GA2). Some findings have suggested that the two enantiomers of 1,2-EPE are formed in vivo. In the present study,(More)
Serum hyaluronic acid (HA) may provide a good marker for the severity of joint disease in the rat since a positive correlation was observed in experimental models of arthritis. However, little is known about its physiological variation in rats. In the present work, we do not find any circadian rhythm of HA in healthy Sprague-Dawley rats in contrast to that(More)