Learn More
Envirox is a scientifically and commercially proven diesel fuel combustion catalyst based on nanoparticulate cerium oxide and has been demonstrated to reduce fuel consumption, greenhouse gas emissions (CO(2)), and particulate emissions when added to diesel at levels of 5 mg/L. Studies have confirmed the adverse effects of particulates on respiratory and(More)
Both increase in cardiac arrhythmia incidence and decrease in heart rate variability (HRV) have been described following human and experimental animal exposures to air pollutants. However, the potential causal relationship between these two factors remains unclear. Incidence of ventricular arrhythmia and HRV were evaluated during and after a 3 h period of(More)
Laboratory and field investigations were carried out to investigate the nature and role of the male pheromone emitted by the Dynast beetle Scapanes australis and to develop a mass trapping technique against this major coconut pest in Papua New Guinea. We report the biological data obtained from natural and synthetic pheromone, previously described as an(More)
Laboratory and field investigations were carried out to characterize the chemical communication system of the date palm fruit stalk borer, Oryctes elegans, and to develop pheromone-based trapping in Eastern Iran. Adults of both sexes feeding on date palm pieces attracted conspecifics, whereas date palm alone was minimally attractive. Males were twice as(More)
Primary cultures of renal rabbit proximal tubule cells were initiated from a pure suspension of proximal tubule fragments. Proximal tubule cells were grown in a hormone-supplemented, serum-free medium containing low concentrations of antibiotics. Confluent monolayers exhibited multicellular dome formation, indicating the presence of transepithelial solute(More)
Few model systems exist for the study of injury to human renal proximal tubule epithelium. Optimized differentiated human renal epithelial cell lines with extended in vitro growth potential would provide an alternative model system to primary culture or other available non-human mammalian kidney cell lines. For this purpose, human renal tubule epithelial(More)
Toxicological effects of acrolein have been studied in precision-cut rat lung slices and in L2 cells, a rat pneumocyte II cell line. These two models were cultured for 24 h with or without acrolein (0-100 microM in L2 cells; 0-200 microM in lung slices). Treatment with this pneumotoxicant produced a concentration dependent decrease in intracellular ATP(More)
Gentamicin is a nephrotoxic antibiotic of the aminoglycoside group, which accumulates within the renal cortex. The present study is an attempt to localize precisely the sites of gentamicin accumulation along isolated tubular segments. We performed autoradiography of 3 H-gentamicin (3H-G) uptake on isolated tubules from kidneys of 6 rabbits previously(More)
The behaviour of the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) in rabbit proximal tubule cells in primary culture was investigated and compared with renal and hepatic PEPCK in vivo. The enzyme activity decreased rapidly in rabbit proximal tubule cells developed in hormonally defined medium supplemented with glucose and insulin. In this condition, the(More)