Jean-Paul Molens

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To assess the sensitivity of primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells to rituximab-mediated cytotoxicity, we compared the potency of several rituximab-mediated killing mechanisms on fresh lymphoma cells. All lymphoma cells tested were equally sensitive to antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), antibody-mediated phagocytosis of tumor cells, and(More)
On recognition of influenza virus (Flu) by TLR7, plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) produce type I IFN in significant amounts. Synthetic TLR7 ligands induce the maturation of pDCs, as evidenced by the expression of costimulatory molecules and the production of proinflammatory cytokines; however, they induce only low-level production of IFN-alpha. To(More)
Among dendritic cells, plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) represent a functionally distinct lineage. Regarding innate immunity, PDC secrete large amounts of type I IFN upon viral exposure or stimulation by microbial products such as unmethylated CpG-motif containing oligo-DNA due to their selective expression of TLR7 and TLR9. We asked whether they could(More)
Among the different subsets of dendritic cells (DC), plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) play a unique role in secreting large amounts of type I interferons upon viral stimulation, but their efficiency as antigen-presenting cells has not been completely characterized. We show here, by flow cytometry, with human primary blood PDC and with a PDC cell line,(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) are crucial in viral clearance and tumor growth control. Thus the induction of CTL activity is an important aim in vaccine development. We investigate an innovative delivery system for peptide transfer to the MHC class I processing pathway of APC with the aim to trigger CTL in the context of an antitumoral response. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The residual tumor cells remaining after completion of standard chemotherapy and radiation treatment in B lymphoma patients, may be eradicated by active immunotherapy that stimulates tumor-specific T lymphocytes. Irradiated autologous lymphoma cells expressing tumor-associated antigens (TAA) may serve as a potential tumor vaccine,(More)
OBJECTIVE Dendritic cells play a central role in regulating the innate and adaptive immune responses. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) represent a newly identified kind of DC with specialized functions aimed at fighting against viral infections. Recently, we have shown that CD4+CD56+ malignancies were leukemia arising from PDC, with a particularly(More)
Imiquimod (IMQ) is a synthetic Toll-like receptor (TLR7/8) ligand that can trigger antiviral and antitumor activities. Despite evidence of potent therapeutic effects, the clinical use of IMQ in melanoma is impeded by incomplete understanding of its mechanisms of action. Mice and humans differ in many aspects of immunity, including TLR7 expression patterns,(More)
BACKGROUND Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) is a powerful therapy currently used to treat various hematological disorders as in graft versus host disease. Clinical data clearly demonstrate its efficacy and immunomodulation toward the pathogenic T cells. However, ECP mechanism of action is still poorly understood. Monocytes represent up to 30% of the total(More)
We have previously reported that specific anti-tumour cytotoxic T cells (CTL) can be differentiated from tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We found that the combination of interleukin (IL)-1, IL-2 and IL-12 was very efficient for expansion of CD8+ T-cell receptor (TCR)alphabeta+ T cells and for development of their ability to(More)