Jean Paul Malas

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Over the last decade, oysters in the Bay of Veys (Northwest France) have sporadically experienced significant summer mortality events which appear to be due to a combination of extrinsic and intrinsic factors. In the present work, the involvement of pesticides (as additional stressors) was investigated using both artificial exposure and field studies (at(More)
We present a comparative study of several biological markers (galactosyltransferase, CA 125, isoenzymes of amylase and alkaline phosphatase) with a view to ovarian carcinoma follow-up. Serum samples were obtained from a population of 75 patients under clinical observation. After a minimum 18-months period, we assessed the prognostic value of the markers. No(More)
In 1997, analyses were carried out on 255 bovine carcasses to determine the extent of superficial contamination by E. coli O157. A 50-cm(2) meat sample taken from all carcasses was collected and tested using immunomagnetic separation method to detect E. coli O157. One strain of E. coli O157 bacterium was isolated and sent to the reference national center(More)
The real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is considered to be a suitable tool for nucleic acid quantitation because it is accurate, rapid and reliable. The reference protocol for quantitation of ostreid herpesvirus 1 in Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas is based on a Sybr(®) Green real-time PCR developed by the IFREMER laboratory. The Frank Duncombe(More)
A cell line, IGROV1, originating from a human ovarian cancer, releases a galactosyltransferase activity in its culture medium during proliferation. The proliferating IGROV1 cells appear as two populations: some cells grow in floating clusters whereas the greater part of them adhere to the culture substrate. The study of galactose transfer by intact cells(More)
A high resolution quantitative method for estrogen receptor analysis has been elaborated using isoelectric focusing in 0.5% agarose gel, without any prior trypsin digestion. The 23 cytosols analyzed were stabilized by molybdate and prepared from human mammary tumors with progesterone receptors (PR + cytosols) or without (PR - cytosols). Progesterone(More)
A high resolution and quantitative method for isoelectric focusing has been developed to separate the isoforms of estrogen and progesterone receptors in human mammary tumor cytosols stabilized by sodium molybdate. Agarose gels (0.5%) were used. Six samples can be analyzed on one gel in about 2 h, and 35-microliters samples are sufficient to determine the(More)
Several laboratories have demonstrated the usefulness of serum galactosyltransferase as a biological marker for ovarian neoplasms. However, contradictory results have been published recently, which might be partially explained by differences in methodology. We thus decided to measure serum galactosyltransferase activity in patients with ovarian cancer and(More)
We have compared three assays for serum galactosyltransferase activity, which use ovomucoïd, asialo agalactofetuin and free N-acetylglucosamine respectively as exogenous acceptors. A very good correlation between the three assays is obtained, for the whole range of GT activity. When the methods are compared to one another, the slopes of the regression lines(More)
UDP-Galactose: N-acetylglucosaminyl glycoprotein beta 1-4 galactosyltransferase (GT) catalyzes the transfer of galactose to N-acetylglucosamine from UDP-[3H]Gal. The uncharged reaction product (tritiated N-acetyllactosamine) is separated from the unreacted UDP-[3H]Gal by ion-exchange chromatography. The major advantage of this method is its rapidity(More)