Jean-Paul Klein

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Several studies reported linkage between bacterial infections and carcinogenesis. Streptococcus bovis was traditionally considered as a lower grade pathogen frequently involved in bacteremia and endocarditis. This bacterium became important in human health as it was shown that 25-80% of patients who presented a S.bovis bacteremia had also a colorectal(More)
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that causes severe disease in humans. It is able to infect all nucleated mammalian cells leading to lifelong persistence of the parasite in the host. Here, we studied the effect of T. gondii infection on host cell proliferation and explored the molecular mechanisms involved in host cell cycle(More)
Materno-foetal transmission causes one of the most severe forms of infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Several studies have shown T. gondii in placental trophoblast cells, which form the barrier between maternal blood circulation and foetal tissue. Parasite multiplication in trophoblast cells is thus a critical step leading to infection(More)
Protective immunity in mice infected with Toxoplasma gondii is mainly mediated by NK cells, CD4 and CD8 T cells, and type 1 cytokines, such as gamma interferon (IFN-gamma). To clarify the roles of NK cells and IFN-gamma in protection against primary congenital toxoplasmosis, we used recombination activating gene 2 knockout (RAG-2(-/-)) mice, which lack T(More)
Materno-foetal transmission causes one of the most serious forms of infection with the intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. In the placenta, trophoblast cells constitute the barrier between maternal circulation and foetal tissue. We looked at the factors that determine the extent of cell adhesion to human BeWo trophoblast cells during T.(More)
IFN-gamma production is a hallmark of acute infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. The tryptophan-catabolising enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), as well as inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) are induced by IFN-gamma and can play extremely diverse roles in immune regulation, defence against pathogens and physiological(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase involved in signaling downstream of integrins, linking bacterial detection, cell entry, and initiation of proinflammatory response through MAPKs and NF-kappaB activation. In this study, using protein I/II from Streptococcus mutans as a model activator of FAK, we investigated the potential(More)
We evaluated the effect of vaccination with the SAG1 protein of Toxoplasma gondii against congenital toxoplasmosis in mice with different genetic backgrounds. In BALB/c mice (H-2(d)), vaccination reduced the number of infected fetuses by 50% and was associated with a mixed type 1 and type 2 immunity. In CBA/J mice (H-2(k)), vaccination increased the number(More)
Protein I/II, a pathogen-associated molecular pattern from oral streptococci, is a potent inducer of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-8 synthesis and release from fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs), cells that are critically involved in joint inflammation. This synthesis implicates ERK 1/2 and JNKs as well as AP-1-binding activity and nuclear translocation of(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines such as tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1 beta and IL-18 are key mediators of joint inflammation during rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This chronic inflammation may result from a non-specific innate immune response that could be triggered by a wide variety of microorganisms, because numerous bacterial fragments(More)