Jean-Paul Erre

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In guinea pigs that had been treated with very large doses of the aminoglycoside amikacin (14 x 450 mg/kg/day, i.m.) clear, short-latency responses to various click stimuli could be recorded at the round window. When the same cochleas were examined histologically, no outer or inner hair cells could be found along the entire length of the basilar membrane,(More)
Measurements were made of the ability of nonsimultaneous, contralaterally presented broadband noise maskers to suppress ipsilaterally-evoked compound action potentials (CAPs) of the auditory nerve to 8-kHz tone pips in guinea pigs. Contralateral acoustic stimuli have been shown to suppress responses to ipsilateral stimuli through the action of the medial(More)
In normal adult guinea pigs, evoked potentials recorded at the ipsilateral auditory cortex to monaural high-frequency acoustic stimuli present higher thresholds and lower amplitudes than at the contralateral cortex; in the inferior colliculus, such ipsi-contralateral differences (ICDs) are smaller than in the auditory cortex. Changes in the ICDs were(More)
The function of the medial olivocochlear efferent system was observed in awake guinea pigs by recording, in the absence of ipsilateral external acoustic stimulation, the ensemble background activity (EBA) of the VIIIth nerve from an electrode chronically implanted on the round window of one ear. The EBA was measured by calculating the power value of the(More)
After complete destruction of cochlear but preservation of vestibular hair cells in the guinea pig acoustically evoked responses can still be recorded from the round window up to the auditory cortex. At all levels these responses differ from those observed in normal animals but their frequency sensitivity and selectivity make them akin to responses from(More)
Acoustically evoked neural activity has been recorded from the brainstem and auditory cortex of guinea pigs after complete destruction of the organ of Corti by the aminoglycosidic antibiotic amikacin. These responses to sound differ in important respects from the evoked potentials normally recorded from the auditory pathways. At the brainstem level they(More)
Measures of cochlear selectivity can be obtained from compound responses using tone-on-tone masking procedures [Dallos and Cheatham, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 59, 591--597 (1976)]. For the normal guinea pig, cochlear fiber tuning is sharper by a factor of 1.8 than AP tuning curves using simultaneous masking (threshold criterion = 25% N1 amplitude reduction).(More)
Immunodetection of gentamicin (GM) was carried out on surface preparations of the whole organ of Corti from cochleas of guinea pigs treated daily with GM at a dose of 60 mg/kg/day and sacrificed at the end of different treatment periods. Cochlear function was determined just before sacrifice, 24 h after the last injection. Threshold elevations, mainly at(More)
The physiology of the medial efferent olivocochlear system involves suppressive interactions of contralateral sounds on ipsilateral sound-evoked responses, but its role is largely unknown to date. Medial efferents act at the level of cochlear outer hair cells via cholinergic synapses and might affect their mechanical activity, thereby modulating auditory(More)