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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine the effects of soy phytoestrogens on the methylation of promoter genes in prostate tumors. The incidence of prostate cancer in Asia is thirty percent lower than in Western countries. Since soy phytoestrogens represent a large portion of the Asian diet, evidence suggests their protective effect against(More)
The aim of this study is to evaluate immediate technical and clinical results of palliative transarterial renal embolization in patients with symptomatic renal tumors. Parenchymal embolization of 20 renal tumors was performed in 20 symptomatic patients with hematuria and/or lumbar pain and/or para-neoplastic syndrome. Seven patients were inoperable because(More)
In polygenic diseases, association studies look for genetic variation such as polymorphisms in low penetrance genes, i.e. genes in interaction with environmental factors. DNA repair systems that protect the genome from deleterious endogenous and exogenous damage have been shown to significantly reduce activity. In particular, enzymes of the nucleotide(More)
AIM DNA hypermethylation is an epigenetic mechanism which induces silencing of tumor-suppressor genes in prostate cancer. Many studies have reported that specific components of food plants like soy phytoestrogens may have protective effects against prostate carcinogenesis or progression. Genistein and daidzein, the major phytoestrogens, have been reported(More)
Diet is believed to play an important role in cancer. It has been revealed by epidemiological studies that Asian populations, who consume phytoestrogens in large amounts, have a lower incidence of prostate cancer in comparison with the Western world, where consumption of soy is lower. Genistein and daidzein, the soy phytoestrogens most widely studied, are(More)
Identification and characterization of biomarkers in prostate cancer are important for improving the diagnosis. The aim of this study was to determine differences in the expression of 4 genes according to the stage of malignancy in prostate cancer. We analyzed BRCA1, BRCA2, androgen receptor (AR) and IGF-I gene expression in a cohort of 98 prostate(More)
UNLABELLED Tobacco smoking and environmental exposures are the main known risk factors for bladder cancer (BC) via exposure to chemical carcinogens. Genetic differences in the metabolism of chemicals have been suggested to be associated with individual susceptibility to BC. Polymorphisms in genes coding to metabolising enzymes, resulting in variation of(More)
INTRODUCTION The management of female stress urinary incontinence has been markedly improved by the suprapubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) and transobturator tape techniques. The objective of our study was to assess the feasibility of this type of technique in males based on cadavre dissection. MATERIAL AND METHOD A 300 mm x 15 mm polypropylene tape(More)
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. CpG island methylation causes gene silencing and could be decisive in prostate carcinogenesis and progression. Its role was investigated at multiple gene sites during prostate carcinogenesis. Methylation-specific polymerase chain(More)
With 13 million new cases worldwide every year, prostate cancer is as a very real public health concern. Prostate cancer is common in over-50s men and the sixth-leading cause of cancer-related death in men worldwide. Like all cancers, prostate cancer is multifactorial - there are non-modifiable risk factors like heredity, ethnicity and geographic location,(More)