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In vivo measurement of T2 relaxation times in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is potentially useful for the evaluation of the disease activity. Seven patients with definite MS were investigated over a period of three years (19 examinations), using a whole-body MRI scanner operating at 0.15 T with a specially designed(More)
A probabilistic deformable model for the representation of multiple brain structures is described. The statistically learned deformable model represents the relative location of different anatomical surfaces in brain magnetic resonance images (MRIs) and accommodates their significant variability across different individuals. The surfaces of each anatomical(More)
Estimating significant changes between two images remains a challenging problem in medical image processing. This paper proposes a non-parametric region based method to detect significant changes in 3D multimodal Magnetic Resonance (MR) sequences. The proposed approach relies on an a contrario model which defines significant changes as events with very low(More)
The automatic analysis of subtle changes between MRI scans is an important tool for assessing disease evolution over time. Manual labeling of evolutions in 3D data sets is tedious and error prone. Automatic change detection, however, remains a challenging image processing problem. A variety of MRI artifacts introduce a wide range of unrepresentative changes(More)
An original method was used to carry out the mathematical analysis of T2 transverse magnetization decay curves and the measure of T2 relaxation times on multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The presumably normal white matter (WM) of these patients presented higher T2 relaxation times (98.6 msec), in comparison with that found in a population sample (88 msec).(More)
In this study we compared the results of visual analysis of MR imaging with T2 relaxation time mapping of the mesial structures in a group of 97 patients with cryptogenic temporal lobe epilepsy. All patients underwent a clinical neurological examination, neuropsychological investigation, prolonged video-EEG monitoring, SPECT imaging, MR imaging, and T2(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between visual hallucinations in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and brain perfusion using single-photon emission computed tomography. We retrospectively included 66 patients with DLB, 36 of whom were having visual hallucinations (DLB-hallu) and 30 of whom were not (DLB-c). We assessed visual(More)
An initial group of 21 patients plus a second group of 14 patients with active multiple sclerosis (MS) (18 progressive and 17 relapsing-remitting forms) were treated with a murine monoclonal anti-T CD4/BF5 antibody as part of a phase I open trial. Tolerance was relatively good: minor general side-effects occurred in 22 patients only upon the first mAb(More)
This paper presents a data-driven method for the reconstruction and visualisation of curvilinear slices from three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance (MR) scans of the head. Visualisation of curvilinear slices, rather than standard planar slices, produces symmetrical views of the cortex and allows small abnormalities to be detected by comparing the two(More)
In this paper an image-based method founded on mathematical morphology is presented in order to facilitate the segmentation of cerebral structures over large data bases of 3D magnetic resonance images (MRIs). The segmentation is described as an immersion simulation, applied to the modified gradient image, modeled by a generated 3D-region adjacency graph(More)