Jean Pascal René

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Elevated levels of the excitotoxic amino acids, glutamate and aspartate, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of neuronal injury and death induced by cerebral ischemia. This study evaluated the contribution of reversed high-affinity, Na(+)-dependent, glutamate transport to the ischemia-evoked release of glutamate and aspartate using(More)
BACKGROUND Infantile beriberi (thiamine deficiency) occurs mainly in infants breastfed by mothers with inadequate intake of thiamine, typically among vulnerable populations. We describe possible and probable cases of infantile thiamine deficiency in northern Laos. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Three surveys were conducted in Luang Namtha Province. First,(More)
Insulin has been reported to be neuroprotective during cerebral ischemia/reperfusion. However, it may also increase the sensitivity of cultured cortical neurons to glutamate toxicity. The experiments described here utilized a rat four-vessel occlusion model with cerebral cortical windows to determine the effects of intravenous insulin, alone (I) or combined(More)
The time course of alteration in neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and the influence of glutamate receptor antagonists on immunoreactivity of nNOS were investigated immunohistochemically in rat hippocampus during penicillin-induced epilepsy. It was found that nNOS-like immunoreactivity in hippocampus increased at 4 h after initiation of seizure and(More)
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