Jean-Pascal Guinard

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Administration of large doses of fentanyl is a popular method to provide postoperative analgesia after thoracotomy. It is however unclear whether epidural lumbar (L) or epidural thoracic (T) administration of fentanyl confers any major advantage over intravenous (iv) infusion. Using a randomized prospective study design, we compared the potential benefits(More)
The authors studied the optimal epinephrine content of an epidural test dose, and determined criteria to identify intravascular injections in subjects with or without beta-adrenergic blockade. Nine healthy nonpregnant subjects 25-36 years of age were given intravenous infusions of saline or esmolol in random order. During each infusion, they received a(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The authors recently determined that intravascular injection of an epinephrine test dose reliably produced an increase in heart rate > or = 20 beats/min in young individuals. However, aging is associated with a significant reduction in beta-adrenergic responsiveness. This study was designed to determine whether aging decreases the(More)
Miscellaneous cardiac abnormalities can occur after electrical burns. The long term outcomes are still unknown. We studied 10 patients, 9 of whom suffered high-voltage electrocution, and one of whom was struck by lightning. Serial electrocardiograms (ECG) and serum MB creatine phosphokinase isoenzyme (MB-CPK) activities were obtained during their stay in(More)
The effects of propofol on cerebrospinal fluid pressure, mean arterial pressure, cerebral perfusion pressure and heart rate were studied during induction, tracheal intubation and skin incision in 23 patients scheduled for elective craniotomy. Premedication consisted of midazolam 0.1 mg/kg intramuscularly and metoprolol 1 mg/kg orally. Measurements were made(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the effect of lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine on capillary blood flow in humans over therapeutic and subtherapeutic concentrations. METHODS The effect of each treatment in eight unmedicated male volunteers was measured in a randomized, controlled, double-blind comparison. Each(More)
In this randomized, blinded study, we sought to determine whether the vasoconstriction produced by ropivacaine after subcutaneous injection is sufficient to decrease surgical bleeding. Anesthesia was induced in seven piglets (weight, 12.2-20.4 kg) with intraperitoneal thiopental and maintained with intravenous methohexital. Five sites were injected with 10(More)
We report the case of a 6-month-old child who developed acute pulmonary edema because of laryngeal spasm during orthopedic manipulations for congenital hip dysplasia. Laryngospasm was probably secondary to an unsuspected light level of anesthesia, maintained via face mask. No other predisposing factors, such as enlarged adenoid tonsils, laryngitis,(More)
BACKGROUND The benefit of epidural versus intravenous fentanyl administration for postoperative analgesia is controversial. In the current study, the intraoperative effects of epidural versus intravenous fentanyl administration were compared during major surgery. METHODS Twenty elective patients scheduled for thoracoabdominal esophagectomy under general(More)