Jean Paquette

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We have created early-onset transgenic (Tg) models by exploiting the synergistic effects of familial Alzheimer's disease mutations on amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) biogenesis. TgCRND8 mice encode a double mutant form of amyloid precursor protein 695 (KM670/671NL+V717F) under the control of the PrP gene promoter. Thioflavine S-positive Abeta amyloid deposits(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) is a major determinant of circulating levels of the IGFs and is clinically useful for the evaluation of GH deficiency and for predicting the response to GH treatment. Recent studies provide evidence that the circulating level of IGFBP-3 is inversely related to the risk of several common cancers,(More)
Meier-Gorlin syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genetic condition whose primary clinical hallmarks include small stature, small external ears and small or absent patellae. Using marker-assisted mapping in multiple families from a founder population and traditional coding exon sequencing of positional candidate genes, we identified three different(More)
The minisatellite DNA polymorphism consisting of a variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) at the human INS (insulin gene) 5'-flanking region has demonstrated allelic effects on insulin gene transcription in vitro and has been associated with the level of insulin gene expression in vivo. We now show that this VNTR also has effects on the nearby(More)
Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder for which the gene (AIRE) has recently been identified on chromosome 21q22.3. We present the mutational analyses of a French-Canadian family with APECED, in which there are two affected siblings, as well as the response to cyclosporine A(CyA)(More)
It has been previously shown that adrenocortical tumors (ACT) in adults exhibit structural abnormalities in tumor DNA in approximately 30% of cases. These abnormalities involve chromosome 11p15 and include loss of heterozygosity, paternal isodisomy, and overexpression of the gene for insulin-like growth factor II (IGF2), correlating with DNA demethylation(More)
In early development, respiratory disorders can produce recurring hypoxic episodes during sleep. To examine possible effects of daily repeated vs. isolated hypoxic hypoxia, cardiorespiratory functions and central, respiratory-related neuromodulator levels in 21- to 32-day-old, chronically instrumented, unsedated piglets were compared between a fifth(More)
The mouse igf2 gene, coding for the insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) is parentally imprinted, only the gene copy derived from the father is expressed. To know whether IGF2, the human homologue, is also imprinted, we used an ApaI polymorphism at the 3' untranslated region in order to distinguish between mRNA derived from each copy of the gene in(More)
Primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) in the pediatric population (0-18 yr) is most commonly attributed to congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), which occurs in about 1 in 15,000 births, followed by Addison's disease, with an assumed autoimmune etiology. However, molecular advances have increased the number of possible diagnoses. The objective of this study(More)