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To facilitate collaborative research efforts between multi-investigator teams using DNA microarrays, we identified sources of error and data variability between laboratories and across microarray platforms, and methods to accommodate this variability. RNA expression data were generated in seven laboratories, which compared two standard RNA samples using 12(More)
Periventricular white matter injury (PWMI) is the leading cause of cerebral palsy and chronic neurological disability in survivors of prematurity. Despite the large number of affected children, the pathogenetic mechanisms related to PWMI remain controversial. Through studies of 33 human autopsy brains, we determined that early PWMI was related to oxidative(More)
OBJECTIVES This study described utilization of specialty treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) facilities among veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), in Afghanistan, or of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), in Iraq, and non-OEF-OIF veterans recently diagnosed as having PTSD. It also identified(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper reports development of the Family Management Measure (FaMM) of parental perceptions of family management of chronic conditions. METHOD By telephone interview, 579 parents of children age 3 to 19 with a chronic condition (349 partnered mothers, 165 partners, 65 single mothers) completed the FaMM and measures of child functional status(More)
OBJECTIVES Our objective was to compare the pulmonary function (respiratory compliance) of infants who were < or = 32 weeks' gestation and delivered > 7 days after a single course of antenatal steroids versus infants who were delivered 1 to 7 days after a single course of antenatal steroids. METHODS A prospective cohort study of respiratory system(More)
PURPOSE There is a substantial literature showing that the selective estrogen receptor modulator tamoxifen can block swelling-activated chloride channels, such as those in astrocytes. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that anatomic characteristics consistent with swelling may be measured within the optic nerve head (ONH) of tamoxifen users whose ONH(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that differences between short-wavelength automated perimetry (SWAP) and white-on-white visual field sensitivities are related to between-individual variation in the visual adaptation properties of SWS cone pathways. METHODS Twenty-six healthy amenorrheic (peri- or postmenopausal) women not using hormonal medication were(More)
We describe seizure laterality and temporal seizure patterns in six subjects with bilateral temporal lobe epilepsy (bTLE) implanted with bilateral hippocampal depth electrodes and the NeuroPace RNS™ system over 84 consecutive days. Seizures were disproportionate in laterality in three subjects and disproportionate in time for two subjects. Clustering of(More)
A major goal of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccine efforts is the design of Envelope (Env)-based immunogens effective at eliciting heterologous or broad neutralizing antibodies (NAbs). We hypothesized that programming the B-cell response could be achieved by sequentially exposing the host to a collection of env variants representing the(More)