Jean P Maingay

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1. Weight loss in pancreatic cancer is associated with persistent elevation of the acute-phase protein response. The effect of oral administration of eicosapentaenoic acid on the regulation of the acute-phase response in weight-losing patients with pancreatic cancer was investigated in vitro and in vivo. 2. Oral supplementation with eicosapentaenoic acid,(More)
In addition to various roles in membrane structure and metabolism, polyunsaturated fatty acids have effects on signal transduction and on the regulation of gene expression. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is an omega-3 fatty acid which is known to induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in pancreatic tumour cells. NFkappaB is a key transcription factor(More)
During the course of studies designed to identify the role of cytokines in the reprioritization of hepatic protein synthesis associated with cachexia we detected a hepatocyte-stimulating moiety in the supernatants of pancreatic cancer cells that was unrelated to interleukin (IL)-6. This study identifies that moiety as IL-8 and investigates the role of IL-8(More)
The acute phase protein response (APPR) and peripheral blood mononuclear cell-derived inflammatory cytokine production was assessed in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer and age-matched healthy volunteers. We examined the relationship between the APPR, cytokine production and survival in these patients. Forty-two patients with pancreatic cancer(More)
After trauma or sepsis, the liver undergoes a reprioritization of export protein synthesis with elevated production of some acute-phase reactants and reduced production of others. We have examined the effects of combinations of insulin and the counterregulatory hormones (dexamethasone, glucagon, and epinephrine), in the presence or absence of interleukin(More)
Ultraviolet radiation is known to induce a transient defect in epidermal antigen presentation which leads to the generation of antigen-specific suppression of the delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response. The putative receptor in skin for the primary event in UV-suppression is urocanic acid (UCA) which may then interact locally, or systemically, with(More)
Ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation is reported to induce a defect in epidermal antigen presentation which leads to specific suppression of the delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response to trinitrochlorobenzene. We have used a similar system to examine the murine DTH response to herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Mice irradiated with 96 mJ/cm2 UVB on shaved(More)
Proinflammatory cytokine release was measured from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) isolated from six volunteers and, on admission, from 16 patients with acute pancreatitis. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) release in patients did not differ significantly from that of volunteers, whereas both interleukin (IL) 6 and IL-8 release in patients was raised(More)
Patients with pancreatic cancer frequently demonstrate symptoms such as weight-loss and muscle wasting and have clinical evidence of a systemic inflammatory response. Such effects may be mediated by pro-inflammatory cytokines derived from tumor cells. The production of interleukin-6 and -8 by pancreatic cancer cell lines and the influence of other cytokines(More)
This study investigated the endogenous production of the pro-inflammatory and angiogenic cytokine IL-8 by human colorectal cancer cells. We describe substantial (>0.5 ng/ml) constitutive production of IL-8 by certain human colorectal cancer cell lines without the requirement for exogenous stimulation. Tumour cell-derived IL-8 production was upregulated by(More)