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Exposure to endotoxin and to its purified derivative lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is related to several occupational pulmonary diseases and to severe domestic asthma. An inhalation of a given dose of pure LPS produces both a systemic and a bronchial inflammatory response. Information on the dose-response relationship to inhaled LPS in normal subjects is a(More)
A panel of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs commonly used for therapeutic purposes was assessed for their effects on the respiratory burst of isolated human polymorphonuclear neutrophils. Cells were stimulated with opsonised yeast and the production of reactive oxygen species was measured by amplified chemiluminescence with luminol and lucigenin which(More)
Free radicals have been suspected to play a role in the pathogenicity of alcohol-related chronic pancreatitis. The aim of this study was to determine the status of several antioxidant parameters in these patients and examine the factors that are likely to influence them. Thirty-five subjects (23 males and 12 females, mean age 48 +/- 8 years) with disease(More)
The activity of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), serum selenium (Se), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were measured in the whole blood of 148 healthy adults aged 20-60 yr from the fishing and rural communities of "Rabo de Peixe," The Azores, Portugal. The subjects did not live in the same household and had different socioeconomic(More)
OBJECTIVE Plasma and synovial myeloperoxidase (MPO) and its products were strongly associated with osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In addition, it is well known that there is a link between oxidative stress and cytokines. The present study aims at investigating the link between synovial MPO (and its products), interleukin (IL)-18, which(More)
A simple, reliable, and reproducible fluorometric method for measuring thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) in serum is proposed, based on the reaction between malondialdehyde (MDA) and thiobarbituric acid. Formation of TBARS was complete at pH 2.4-2.6, but extraction with n-butanol proved complete only at lower pH, i.e., 1.6-1.7. Analytical(More)
BACKGROUND Kashin-Beck disease is an osteoarthropathy endemic in selenium- and iodine-deficient areas around Lhasa, Tibet. OBJECTIVE We assessed the efficacy of selenium supplementation on disease progression. DESIGN A double-blind, randomized controlled trial of selenium supplementation was carried out in 324 children aged 5-15 y who had Kashin-Beck(More)
OBJECTIVE Magnesium deficiency and oxidative stress have both been identified as pathogenic factors in aging and in several age-related diseases. The link between these two factors is unclear in humans although, in experimental animals, severe Mg deficiency has been shown to lead to increased oxidative stress. METHODS The relationship between Mg body(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the precision and accuracy of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for measuring bone mineral content at different sites of the skeleton in rats. In vitro the reproducibility error was very small (< 1%), but in vivo the intra-observer variability ranged from 0.9% to 6.0%. Several factors have been shown to affect in(More)