Jean Montreuil

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Human mature erythrocytes have been considered as unable to undergo programmed cell death (PCD), due to their lack of mitochondria, nucleus and other organelles, and to the finding that they survive two conditions that induce PCD in vitro in all human nucleated cells, treatment with staurosporine and serum deprivation. Here we report that mature(More)
Glycopeptides and oligosaccharides of either the N-acetyllactosaminic or the oligomannosidic type derived from glycoproteins containing the N-glycosylamine linkage were used to define the specificity of different lectins (concanavalin A, Lens culinaris agglutinin, Vicia faba agglutinin, Pisum sativum agglutinin, Ricinus communis agglutinins, soybean(More)
Human red blood cells (RBCs) have a life-span of 120 days in circulation, after which they are phagocytized by resident macrophages. Extensive studies have been undertaken by many investigators in order to elucidate the cellular and molecular mechanisms of the erythrophagocytosis. The critical questions addressed by physiologists, clinicians and biochemists(More)
The ability of lactoferrin (Lf), an iron-binding glycoprotein that is also called lactotransferrin, to bind lipopolysaccharide (LPS) may be relevant to some of its biological properties. A knowledge of the LPS-binding site on Lf may help to explain the mechanism of its involvement in host defence. Our report reveals the presence of two Escherichia coli(More)
Human milk lactotransferrin at a concentration ranging from 1 to 10 micrograms/ml stimulated up to 5 times the humoral immune response to sheep red blood cells, expressed as the number of plaque-forming cells, when injected into mice 3 h before immunization. Further, lactotransferrin-treated thymocytes given intravenously into mice, enhanced the immune(More)
The complete amino acid sequence (703 amino acid residues) of human lactotransferrin has been determined. The location of the disulfide bridges has also been investigated. Computer analysis established internal homology of the two domains (residues 1-338 and residues 339-703). Each domain contains a single iron-binding site and a single glycosylation site(More)
Ten years ago, we anticipated future results by building the Y-shaped molecular model of a biantennary glycan. Progressively, this structure has been refined and modified thanks to experimental data obtained by using physical methods: X-ray diffraction, electron spin resonance (EPR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) including two-dimensional NMR and(More)
BACKGROUND A highly sensitive, fast, and simple flow cytometric assay to assess human red blood cell (RBCs) viability and aging is reported. METHODS The assay described in this report is based on the use of acetoxymethyl ester of calcein (calcein-AM), a fluorescein derivative and nonfluorescent vital dye that passively crosses the cell membrane of viable(More)
The lectin isolated from Sophora japonica seeds is a glycoprotein which binds oligosaccharides with non-reducing terminal Gal beta(1----3/4)GlcNac beta 1----units. The carbohydrate moiety of the lectin is composed of fucose, xylose, mannose and N-acetylglucosamine. The major glycopeptide of the lectin, prepared by pronase digestion, was derivatized with(More)