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Proteins were precipitated to ensure their stability upon subsequent encapsulation within PLGA microspheres. Spherical, nanosized protein particles were formed by the addition of a salt (sodium chloride) and a water-miscible organic solvent (glycofurol) to protein solutions. Various process parameters were modified to optimize the precipitation efficiency(More)
Autocatalytic cleavage of lithostathine leads to the formation of quadruple-helical fibrils (QHF-litho) that are present in Alzheimer's disease. Here we show that such fibrils also occur in Creutzfeldt-Jakob and Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker diseases, where they form protease-K-resistant deposits and co-localize with amyloid plaques formed from prion(More)
Corneal transparency is maintained, in part, by specialized fibroblasts called keratocytes, which reside in the fibrous lamellae of the stroma. Corneal clouding, a condition that impairs visual acuity, is associated with numerous diseases, including mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type VII. MPS VII is due to deficiency in β-glucuronidase (β-glu) enzymatic(More)
UNLABELLED Analyzing microarrays data is still a great challenge since existing methods produce huge amounts of useless results. We propose a new method called NoDisco for discovering novelties in gene sequences obtained by applying data-mining techniques to microarray data. METHOD We identify popular genes, which are often cited in the literature, and(More)
We have been developing Abeta derivative vaccines with the objective to improve the safety of Abeta targeting immunotherapy. Our Abeta homologs are designed to have less direct toxicity and to produce a modified immune response compared to Abeta. In extensive mouse studies, all our vaccines have improved cognition in transgenic mice while eliciting(More)
Anti-amyloid beta (Aβ) immunotherapy provides potential benefits in Alzheimer's disease patients. Nevertheless, strategies based on Aβ1-42 peptide induced encephalomyelitis and possible microhemorrhages. These outcomes were not expected from studies performed in rodents. It is critical to determine if other animal models better predict side effects of(More)
Using proteomic approach in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) we identified pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) and Haptoglobin (Hp) as putative markers that could discriminate between AD and other dementias. ELISA assays were developed to measure the levels of PEDF and Hp in CSF from patients with AD (AD, n=27), non-AD (NAD, n=30) and in non-demented patients(More)
Accumulation of PrP(Sc), an abnormal form of cellular prion protein (PrP), in the brain of animals and humans leads to fatal neurodegenerative disorders known as prion diseases. Limited protease digestion of PrP(Sc) produces a truncated form called PrP(27-30) that retains prion infectivity and is the main marker of disease targeted in most diagnostic tests.(More)
Reg proteins are expressed in various organs and are involved in cancers and neurodegenerative diseases. They display a typical C-type lectin-like domain but possess additional highly conserved amino acids. By studying human databases and Expressed Sequence Tags library, we identified a new member called PAP IB. Using probabilistic approaches, we(More)
Formation of fibrillar structures of proteins that deposit into aggregates has been suggested to play a key role in various neurodegenerative diseases. However mechanisms and dynamics of fibrillization remains to be elucidated. We have previously established that lithostathine, a protein overexpressed in the pre-clinical stages of Alzheimer's disease and(More)