Jean-Michel Vandeweerd

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BACKGROUND Various treatments of osteoarthritis (OA) have been described, including use of nutraceuticals. OBJECTIVES To review systematically the literature about the effects of nutraceuticals on clinical signs of pain or abnormal locomotion in horses, dogs, and cats, and to discuss methodological aspects of trials and systematic reviews. METHODS A(More)
There are no studies describing the attitude of healthcare workers (HCWs) towards universal precautions (UPs) in Ethiopia, in the context of the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome pandemic. We investigated HCWs' knowledge and perceptions concerning UPs and exposure to blood and body fluids in two regions of eastern Ethiopia. All(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine baseline cardiovascular and respiratory variables in the awake pigeon, and to assess those variables during anaesthesia at the individual minimal anaesthetic concentration (MAC) of isoflurane during spontaneous breathing. STUDY DESIGN Prospective, experimental trial. ANIMALS Seven healthy adult pigeons weighing a mean ± standard(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence, anatomical location and severity of cartilage defects in the stifle (knee) within a population of adult ewes (N = 65). MATERIALS AND METHODS Articular cartilage (AC) of the distal femur, proximal tibia and patella was assessed using Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) recommendations for macroscopic(More)
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) refers to the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence from research for the care of an individual patient. The concept of EBM was first described in human medicine in the early 1990s and was introduced to veterinary medicine 10 years later. However, it is not clear that the EBM approach promulgated in(More)
Understanding how veterinary practitioners make clinical decisions, and how they use scientific information to inform their decisions, is important to optimize animal care, client satisfaction, and veterinary education. We aimed to develop an understanding of private practitioners' process of decision making. On the basis of a grounded-theory qualitative(More)
Intra-articular (IA) corticosteroids (CS) have been used in the treatment of osteoarthritis for many years, although their effects on articular cartilage are not fully understood. To identify whether previous animal studies have provided enough evidence about the effects of CS, we undertook a systematic review that identified 35 relevant in vivo animal(More)
Articular cartilage defects are prevalent in metacarpo/metatarsophalangeal (MCP/MTP) joints of horses. The aim of this study was to determine and compare the sensitivity and specificity of 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (3-T MRI) and computed tomography arthrography (CTA) to identify structural cartilage defects in the equine MCP/MTP joint. Forty distal(More)
With the advent of a One World-One Health concept, veterinarians will play a central role, at the level of trading zones (such as the European Union), countries, food production farms, and individual animals. They will be mandated to produce, interpret, communicate, and apply scientific information in the best possible way to make informed decisions and(More)