Jean-Michel Le Mellédo

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RATIONALE Animal studies of short-term progesterone administration and withdrawal model the natural increase and abrupt decrease in progesterone levels which occur in the late luteal phase (LP) of the human menstrual cycle (MC). Previously, studies in animals have shown that abrupt cessation of chronic or short-term progesterone administration results in(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the frequent use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), their effects on plasma lipid levels have not been systematically investigated. Our objective was to assess the effects of 8 weeks of paroxetine administration on plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels. METHOD Blood samples(More)
BACKGROUND Animal studies have shown that neuroactive steroids modulate the activity of the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A/benzodiazepine receptor complex and that these steroids display anxiolytic or anxiogenic activity depending on their positive (e.g. allopregnanolone) or negative allosteric modulation (e.g. dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate) of this(More)
BACKGROUND Major depression (MD) has been associated with increased cardiovascular mortality in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and has been described as an independent risk factor for the development of CHD in healthy subjects; however, the mechanism of the association between MD and CHD remains to be determined. Nitric oxide (NO) plays a major(More)
It remains unexplained why a greater prevalence of anxiety disorders exists in women than in men, and how female hormone-related events (i.e., menstrual cycle and postpartum) can influence the course of anxiety disorders. It would appear logical that female hormones and their derivatives play a major role in these observations. The abundance of preclinical(More)
BACKGROUND Female hormones and female hormone derivatives, including neuroactive steroids (NASs) have been suspected to play a role in the pathophysiology of panic disorder (PD). The panicogenic agent CO(2) has been shown to induce a delayed release of NASs in both brain and plasma of rats. In the present study, we measured NASs plasma levels in response to(More)
Decreased production of endothelium-derived nitric oxide has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. Metabolic end products of nitric oxide (NO(x)) are often used as markers for endothelial nitric oxide production in humans. Decreased endothelium-derived nitric oxide has been suggested to mediate some of the deleterious effects of(More)