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1. The pattern of distribution of non-monosynaptic (propriospinal-like) excitation to various motor nuclei (deltoid, extensors and flexors of the elbow, the wrist and the fingers) was investigated. 2. Changes in the firing probability of individual voluntarily activated motor units were studied following conditioning stimuli. Conditioning volleys were(More)
Spastic paresis follows chronic disruption of the central execution of volitional command. Motor function in patients with spastic paresis is subjected over time to three fundamental insults, of which the last two are avoidable: (1) the neural insult itself, which causes paresis, i.e., reduced voluntary motor unit recruitment; (2) the relative(More)
In the subacute and chronic stages of spastic paresis, stretch-sensitive (spastic) muscle overactivity emerges as a third fundamental mechanism of motor impairment, along with paresis and soft tissue contracture. Part II of this review primarily addresses the pathophysiology of the various forms of spastic overactivity. It is argued that muscle contracture(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the Tardieu Scale's reliability in children with cerebral palsy (CP) when used by raters with and without experience in using the scale, before and after training. DESIGN Single-center, intrarater and interrater reliability study. SETTING Institutional ambulatory care. PARTICIPANTS Referred children with CP in the pretraining(More)
A new system for long-term monitoring of gait in Parkinson's disease (PD) has been developed and validated. The characteristics of every stride taken over 10-h epochs were acquired using a lightweight ankle-mounted sensor array that transmitted data wirelessly to a small pocket PC at a rate of 100 Hz. Stride was calculated from the vertical linear(More)
1. The patterns of excitation and convergence by peripheral afferents on propriospinal-like neurones projecting to forearm flexor carpi radialis (FCR) motoneurones in human subjects were determined at rest and during various voluntary contractions, using H reflex testing. 2. At rest, the FCR H reflex could be facilitated by mixed nerve (ulnar,(More)
1. The possibility that stimulation of the motor cortex facilitates transmission in the pathway mediating non-monosynaptic ('propriospinal') excitation from low-threshold afferents to upper limb motoneurones was investigated. 2. Convergence between peripheral afferent volleys (from the ulnar or musculo-cutaneous nerve) and corticospinal volleys (evoked by(More)
Consistent with the hypothesis that dopamine is implicated in the processing of salient stimuli relevant to the modification of various behavioral responses, Parkinson's disease is associated with emotional blunting. To address the hypothesis that emotional attention and memory are modulated by dopaminergic neurotransmission in Parkinson's disease, we(More)
1. The possibility was investigated that the facilitation of the transmission in the propriospinal-like system during voluntary contraction, documented in the companion paper (Burke, Gracies, Mazevet, Meunier & Pierrot-Deseilligny, 1992), is due to a decrease in presynaptic inhibition of afferents projecting to propriospinal-like neurones. 2. The radial(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of dopaminergic treatment on emotional memory in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). We tested memory for emotional and neutral visual stimuli in ten non-demented PD patients on and off dopaminergic medication. Patients recalled significantly more emotional items during the off- than on-medication testing(More)