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Expression microarray analysis identified CITED1 among a group of genes specifically upregulated in the pubertal mouse mammary gland. At puberty, CITED1 localizes to the luminal epithelial cell population of the mammary ducts and the body cells of the terminal end buds. Generation of CITED1 gene knockout mice showed that homozygous null mutants exhibit(More)
Expression microarray analysis identified over 930 genes regulated during puberty in the mouse mammary gland. Most prominent were genes whose expression increased in parallel with pubertal development and remained high thereafter. Members of the Wnt, transforming growth factor-beta and oestrogen-signalling pathways were significantly overrepresented.(More)
During puberty the mammary gland develops from a rudimentary tree to a branched epithelial network of ducts which can support alveolar development and subsequent milk production during pregnancy and lactation. This process involves growth, proliferation, migration, branching, invasion, apoptosis and above all, tight regulation which allows these processes(More)
The role of intercellular tight junctions in breast epithelial cells is traditionally thought to be in maintaining polarity and barrier function. However, claudin-4, a tight junction protein, is overexpressed in breast tumour cells compared to normal epithelial cells, which generally corresponds to a loss in polarity. The aim of this study was to(More)
PURPOSE The use of aromatase inhibitors (AI) in the treatment of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, postmenopausal breast cancer has proven efficacy. However, inappropriate activation of ER target genes has been implicated in the development of resistant tumors. The ER coactivator protein AIB1 has previously been associated with initiation of breast cancer(More)
Treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) including trastuzumab has revolutionized the management of HER2-positive breast cancer. Recent evaluation of clinical trial data suggests that a subset of HER2/ER double-positive cancers may not receive significant benefit from the TKI therapy. Here we investigate the cross talk between HER2 and ER in breast(More)
Aromatase inhibitors (AI) are a standard-of-care treatment for postmenopausal, estrogen receptor-positive breast cancers. Although tumor recurrence on AI therapy occurs, the mechanisms underlying acquired resistance to AIs remain unknown. In this study, we examined a cohort of endocrine-treated breast cancer patients and used a cell line model of resistance(More)
INTRODUCTION The orphan nuclear receptor COUP-TFII plays an undefined role in breast cancer. Previously we reported lower COUP-TFII expression in tamoxifen/endocrine-resistant versus sensitive breast cancer cell lines. The identification of COUP-TFII-interacting proteins will help to elucidate its mechanism of action as a transcriptional regulator in breast(More)
The aim of this study was to identify a set of stably expressed endogenous control genes for quantitative PCR analysis of mRNA expression in the porcine LTL muscle and to subsequently perform expression analysis of potential candidate genes associated with drip loss. Expression stability of seven commonly used reference genes was examined in n=60 pigs from(More)
Intramuscular fat (IMF) and subcutaneous fat (back fat-BF) are two of the major fat depots in livestock. A QTN located in the insulin-like growth factor 2 gene (IGF2) has been associated with a desirable reduction in BF depth in pigs. Given that the lipid metabolism of intramuscular adipocytes differs from that of subcutaneous fat adipocytes, this study(More)