Jean-Maurice Delabar

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In several neurological disorders including hyperhomocysteinemia, homocysteine (Hcy) accumulates in the brain, and acts as a potent neurotoxin. However, the molecular mechanisms induced by increased levels of Hcy in brain are not well understood. Here we show an activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1 and ERK2) and the downstream(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) deficiency causes severe hyperhomocysteinemia, which confers diverse clinical manifestations, notably liver disease. To investigate this aspect of hyperhomocysteinemia, we performed a thorough investigation of liver pathology in CBS-deficient mice, a murine model of severe hyperhomocysteinemia. METHODS(More)
Trisomy 21 or Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder resulting from the presence of all or part of an extra Chromosome 21. It is a common birth defect, the most frequent and most recognizable form of mental retardation, appearing in about 1 of every 700 newborns. Although the syndrome had been described thousands of years before, it was named after John(More)
The molecular mechanisms that lead to the cognitive defects characteristic of Down syndrome (DS), the most frequent cause of mental retardation, have remained elusive. Here we use a transgenic DS mouse model (152F7 line) to show that DYRK1A gene dosage imbalance deregulates chromosomal clusters of genes located near neuron-restrictive silencer factor(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia due to cystathionine beta synthase (CBS) deficiency is associated with diverse brain disease. Whereas the biological actions linking hyperhomocysteinemia to the cognitive dysfunction are not well understood, we tried to establish relationships between hyperhomocysteinemia and alterations of signaling pathways. In the brain of(More)
Mice polytransgenic for chromosome 21 genes DSCR3, 5, 6, 9, and TTC3 within the Down Syndrome Critical Region-1 represent an animal model for Down Syndrome (DS). In a proteomic approach, we show a series of altered hippocampal protein levels that may be caused by overexpression of at least one of the five chromosome 21 genes and that fit fear-conditioned(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is characterized by an increase of plasma homocysteine, a thiol-containing amino acid produced during methionine metabolism. Hyperhomocysteinemia has often been associated with coronary artery disease, vascular thrombosis and the development of premature atherosclerosis. We have recently demonstrated that the supplementation of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Cystathionine beta synthase (CBS) deficiency leads to severe hyperhomocysteinemia, which confers diverse clinical manifestations, notably fatty liver. Recently, abnormal lipid metabolism has been demonstrated in CBS-deficient mice, a murine model of severe hyperhomocysteinemia. To gain further insights into effects of CBS deficiency on(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperhomocysteinemia, characterized by increased plasma homocysteine level, is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis. On the contrary, patients with Down syndrome appear to be protected from the development of atherosclerosis. We previously found a deleterious effect of hyperhomocysteinemia on expression of DYRK1A, a(More)
The gene tprd, which contains three tetratricopeptide domains, has been recently localized in the Down syndrome (DS) chromosomal region 1. We have cloned a cDNA encoding part of the murine ortholog of tprd and used it to characterize the expression pattern of this gene during development and at the adult stage. At E8.5 the expression is uniform. In the(More)