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The molecular mechanisms that lead to the cognitive defects characteristic of Down syndrome (DS), the most frequent cause of mental retardation, have remained elusive. Here we use a transgenic DS mouse model (152F7 line) to show that DYRK1A gene dosage imbalance deregulates chromosomal clusters of genes located near neuron-restrictive silencer factor(More)
The gene tprd, which contains three tetratricopeptide domains, has been recently localized in the Down syndrome (DS) chromosomal region 1. We have cloned a cDNA encoding part of the murine ortholog of tprd and used it to characterize the expression pattern of this gene during development and at the adult stage. At E8.5 the expression is uniform. In the(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with brain disease. However, biological actions linking hyperhomocysteinemia to neuronal abnormalities are not well understood. We recently found a relationship between Dyrk1A protein expression, a serine/threonine kinase that might be responsible for cognitive functions in Down’s syndrome, and hepatic(More)
The Galois Lattice of a binary relation formalizes it as a concept system, dually ordered in "extension" / "intension". All implications between conjunctions of properties holding in it are summarized by a (recursive) canonical basis-all basis having the same cardinality (see [MR #87k:08009]). We report here how these tools structure phenotypes / genotypes(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia due to cystathionine beta synthase (CBS) deficiency is associated with diverse brain disease. Whereas the biological actions linking hyperhomocysteinemia to the cognitive dysfunction are not well understood, we tried to establish relationships between hyperhomocysteinemia and alterations of signaling pathways. In the brain of(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperhomocysteinemia, characterized by increased plasma homocysteine level, is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis. On the contrary, patients with Down syndrome appear to be protected from the development of atherosclerosis. We previously found a deleterious effect of hyperhomocysteinemia on expression of DYRK1A, a(More)
Nonchimeric polytransgenic 152F7 mice encompassing four human chromosome 21 genes (DSCR3, DSCR5, TTC3, and DYRK1A) within the Down syndrome critical region present with learning and memory impairment. However, no abnormalities were shown by in vitro electrophysiological or neuroanatomical findings in hippocampus of 152F7 mice. To search for molecular(More)
Human SIM2 is the ortholog of Drosophila single-minded (sim), a master regulator of neurogenesis and transcriptional factor controlling midline cell fate determination. We previously localized SIM2 in a chromosome 21 critical region for Down syndrome (DS). Here, we studied SIM2 gene using a new approach to provide insights in understanding of its potential(More)
Down syndrome (DS) is the most frequent genetic cause of mental retardation (MR) associated with neurological alterations. To allow a genetic dissection of DS phenotype, we studied eight transgenic mouse lines carrying YACs containing human DNA fragments covering DS critical region (DCR-1), as an in vivo library. Herein, we found an increased brain size in(More)
Down syndrome or trisomy 21 is the most common genetic disorder leading to mental retardation. One feature is impaired short- and long-term spatial memory, which has been linked to altered brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels. Mouse models of Down syndrome have been used to assess neurotrophin levels, and reduced BDNF has been demonstrated in(More)