Jean-Marie Sire

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We used the multilocus sequence typing (MLST) method to study the genetic diversity of Campylobacter coli isolated from chickens in Senegal, and to check the presence of genetic exchange with Campylobacter jejuni. In addition, we assessed the resistance of the isolates to ciprofloxacin and nalidixic acid, and their gyrA sequences. MLST revealed a low level(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Despite the high prevalence of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in Africa, few studies have been performed among African patients. We sought to evaluate liver stiffness measurement by FibroScan® (LSM) and two biochemical scores (FibroTest®, Fibrometer®) to diagnose liver fibrosis in Senegalese CHB patients with HBV plasma DNA load ≥3.2 log(10)(More)
From May 2004 to October 2006, a prospective study was carried out in Dakar, Senegal, to update information about the antimicrobial susceptibility of Shigella spp. isolated from stool specimens. Among the 165 non-duplicate strains collected, 81 (49%) were identified as Shigella flexneri, 75 (45%) as Shigella sonnei, 5 (3%) as Shigella boydii, and 4 (2%) as(More)
BACKGROUND A new version of the Roche Cobas AmpliPrep/Cobas TaqMan HIV-1 assay (CA/CTM v2.0) has been introduced to overcome the underquantification observed with the first version. METHODS We compared the Roche Cobas CA/CTM v2.0 and Abbott RealTime HIV-1 assays for HIV-1 group M and non-M viral load measurement. RESULTS We found a good correlation (r =(More)
We used the multilocus sequence typing (MLST) method to evaluate the genetic diversity of 46 Campylobacter jejuni isolates from chickens and to determine the link between quinolone resistance and sequence type (ST). There were a total of 16 ST genotypes, and the majority of them belonged to seven clonal complexes previously identified by using isolates from(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify factors associated with negative direct sputum examination among African and Cambodian patients co-infected by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and HIV. DESIGN Prospective multicenter study (ANRS1260) conducted in Cambodia, Senegal and Central African Republic. METHODS Univariate and multivariate analyses (logistic regression) were used(More)
BACKGROUND In sub-Saharan Africa, infectious diarrhoea is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. A cross-sectional study was undertaken to document the pathogens potentially involved in community-acquired childhood diarrhoea in Dakar, the capital of Senegal. METHODS Between September 2007 and March 2008, 176 children aged 1 month to 5 years(More)
HBV vaccine was introduced into the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) in Senegal and Cameroon in 2005. We conducted a cross-sectional study in both countries to assess the HBV immune protection among children. All consecutive children under 4 years old, hospitalized for any reason between May 2009 and May 2010, with an immunisation card and a(More)
Multilocus sequence types of 163 human Streptococcus agalactiae strains isolated in Bangui and Dakar were analyzed. We identified local specificities in the distribution of sequence types and capsular serotypes. However, the overall population structure is similar to that in the United States and Europe, suggesting that few specific clones colonize humans.
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B is a major health concern in Africa. The vaccine against hepatitis B virus (HBV) was introduced into the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) of Cameroon and Senegal in 2005, and of CAR (Central African Republic) in 2008. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess HBV immunization coverage following the vaccine's introduction(More)