Jean-Marie Saudubray

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This paper describes our present strategy for the investigation of respiratory chain disorders in humans. Because very few of the underlying mutations causing mitochondrial disorders in humans are currently known, biochemical studies constitute a major tool in screening procedures for respiratory chain deficiencies. All biochemical and molecular methods(More)
Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) deficiency is a rare inborn disorder of L-lysine, L-hydroxylysine, and L-tryptophan metabolism complicated by striatal damage during acute encephalopathic crises. Three decades after its description, the natural history and how to treat this disorder are still incompletely understood. To study which variables influenced the(More)
delta(1)-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase (P5CS), a bifunctional ATP- and NADPH-dependent mitochondrial enzyme, catalyzes the reduction of glutamate to delta(1)-pyrroline-5-carboxylate, a critical step in the biosynthesis of proline, ornithine and arginine. Recently, we reported the cloning and expression of human and murine P5CS cDNAs. Previously, we(More)
The clinical and morphologic findings of three patients with metabolic acidosis, methylmalonic aciduria, and homocystinuria are presented. The clinical evolution of the patients was similar and was characterized in the first weeks of life by failure to thrive, hypotonia, and lethargy associated with pancytopenia and hepatic dysfunction, eventually(More)
Branched chain organic acidurias are a group of disorders that result from an abnormality of specific enzymes involving the catabolism of branched chain amino acids (leucine, isoleucine, valine). Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD), isovaleric acidaemia (IVA), propionic aciduria (PA) and methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) represent the most commonly encountered(More)
Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is the most commonly recognized defect of mitochondrial beta-oxidation. It is potentially fatal, but shows a wide clinical spectrum. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether any correlation exists between MCAD genotype and disease phenotype. We determined the prevalence of the 14 known and(More)
We examined liver biopsies from 4 patients with the infantile form of Refsum disease. No peroxisomes were visualized by light microscopy after cytochemical staining for catalase, a marker enzyme for this organelle. Absence of peroxisomes was confirmed by electron microscopy in 3 patients; in the 4th patient we observed organelles of peculiar size and(More)
Hyperinsulinism in infancy is one of the most difficult problems to manage in contemporary paediatric endocrinology. Although the diagnosis can usually be achieved without difficulty, it presents the paediatrician with formidable day to day management problems. Despite recent advances in understanding the pathophysiology of hyperinsulinism, the neurological(More)
In this paper we report the identification of a new disorder of mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation in a patient which presented with clear manifestations of a mitochondrial beta-oxidation disorder. Subsequent studies in fibroblasts revealed an impairment in palmitate beta-oxidation and in addition, a combined deficiency of long-chain enoyl-CoA(More)
Hyperinsulinism is a heterogeneous disorder characterised by severe hypoglycaemia due to an inappropriate oversecretion of insulin. In a personal series of 175 patients investigated for hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia over the last 20 years, we review clinical presentations, molecular studies and therapeutic management of hyperinsulinism. There were 98(More)