Jean-Marie Ruysschaert

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We present here a simple and rapid method to extract good estimates of protein secondary structure content from circular dichroism (CD) spectra without any prior knowledge of the sample concentration. The method involves two steps: first, a single-wavelength normalization procedure and, second, the application for each secondary structure of a quadratic(More)
The amino-terminal extremity of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 transmembrane protein (gp41) is thought to play a pivotal role in the fusion of virus membranes with the plasma membrane of the target cell and in syncytium formation. Peptides with sequences taken from the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp41 fusogenic (synthetic peptides SPwt and(More)
Upon incubation at 37 degrees C in the absence of Ca2+ ions, pathogenic strains of the genus Yersinia cease growing and produce large amounts of a series of plasmid-encoded proteins involved in pathogenicity. These proteins, called Yops (for Yersinia outer membrane proteins), are detected in both the outer membrane fraction and the culture supernatant. We(More)
AD (Alzheimer's disease) is linked to Abeta (amyloid beta-peptide) misfolding. Studies demonstrate that the level of soluble Abeta oligomeric forms correlates better with the progression of the disease than the level of fibrillar forms. Conformation-dependent antibodies have been developed to detect either Abeta oligomers or fibrils, suggesting that(More)
Nonstructural protein 4B (NS4B) plays an essential role in the formation of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication complex. It is a relatively poorly characterized integral membrane protein predicted to comprise four transmembrane segments in its central portion. Here, we describe a novel determinant for membrane association represented by amino acids (aa)(More)
Cationic lipid/DNA lipoplexes and cationic polymer/DNA polyplexes represent an attractive alternative to viral vectors for cell transfection in vitro and in vivo but still suffer from a relatively low efficiency. Optimization of their transfection efficiency may be attempted by using a trial and error approach consisting of synthesizing and testing a large(More)
This review describes the numerous and innovative methods used to study the structure and function of viral fusion peptides. The systems studied include both intact fusion proteins and synthetic peptides interacting with model membranes. The strategies and methods include dissecting the fusion process into intermediate stages, comparing the effects of(More)