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Hydrophobins are small fungal proteins that self-assemble at hydrophilic/hydrophobic interfaces into amphipathic membranes that, in the case of Class I hydrophobins, can be disassembled only by treatment with agents like pure trifluoroacetic acid. Here we characterize, by spectroscopic techniques, the structural changes that occur upon assembly at an(More)
Inflammation occurs in many amyloidoses, but its underlying mechanisms remain enigmatic. Here we show that amyloid fibrils of human lysozyme, which are associated with severe systemic amyloidoses, induce the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines through activation of the NLRP3 (NLR, pyrin domain containing 3) inflammasome and the Toll-like receptor 2, two(More)
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most frequent malignant glioma. Treatment of GBM patients is multimodal with maximum surgical resection, followed by concurrent radiation and chemotherapy with the alkylating drug temozolomide (TMZ). The present study aims to identify genes implicated in the acquired resistance of two human GBM cells of astrocytic origin, T98G and(More)
Nowadays, the emerging role of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) oligomers in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is widely accepted, putting aside the old idea that fibrils are the primary entities responsible for the onset of the disease. Besides, carrying the E4 isoform of apolipoprotein E (apoE) represents the highest risk of developing AD. Nevertheless, the involvement of(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is an age-related movement disorder characterized by a progressive degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain. Although the presence of amyloid deposits of α-synuclein (α-syn) is the main pathological feature, PD brains also present a severe permanent inflammation, which largely contributes to neuropathology. Although(More)
Amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) is directly linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD). In its monomeric form, Aβ aggregates to produce fibrils and a range of oligomers, the latter being the most neurotoxic. Dysregulation of Ca(2+) homeostasis in aging brains and in neurodegenerative disorders plays a crucial role in numerous processes and contributes to cell dysfunction(More)
Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy is a method of choice for the experimental determination of protein secondary structure. Numerous approaches have been developed during the past 15 years. A critical parameter that has not been taken into account systematically is the selection of the wavenumbers used for building the mathematical models used for(More)
We report DNA immunisation experiments in cattle using plasmid constructs that encoded glycoprotein E2 from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)-1 (E2.1) and BVDV-2 (E2.2). The coding sequences were optimised for efficient expression in mammalian cells. A modified leader peptide sequence from protein gD of BoHV1 was inserted upstream of the E2 coding(More)
The disruption of intracellular calcium homeostasis plays a central role in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease, which is also characterized by accumulation of the amyloid-beta peptides Abeta40 and Abeta42. These amphipathic peptides may become associated with neuronal membranes and affect their barrier function, resulting in the loss of calcium(More)
DiC14-amidine is a cationic lipid that was originally designed as a lipid nanocarrier for nucleic acid transport, and turned out to be a Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) agonist as well. We found that while E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a TLR4 agonist in all species, diC14-amidine nanoliposomes are full agonists for human, mouse and cat receptors but weak(More)