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In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), experimental models have proven to be important tools for detecting potential therapeutic agents and for investigating the mechanisms of pathogenesis. This review is intended to cover recent advances in basic IBD model applications. The use of more than 20 animal models has allowed the detection of numerous protective(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence points to a important role for inflammatory cytokines for the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease. AIM To compare the secretion rate of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) by morphologically normal and inflamed intestinal mucosa from patients with Crohn's disease. (More)
BACKGROUND In the intestinal mucosa, numerous cytokines produced by the epithelium, fibroblasts, and immune cells were shown to affect epithelial differentiation and proliferation through epithelial-mesenchymal and epithelial-immune cell interactions. To date, the importance of cytokines in postnatal development of the rat small intestine has not been(More)
Chronic inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD; Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis) may be attributed partly to increased secretion of inflammatory cytokines. The aim of this study was to investigate simultaneously the spontaneous release patterns of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1-beta (IL-1 beta), and interleukin-6(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Immunomodulator therapy is effective for patients with Crohn's disease (CD) but has not been shown to affect disease progression, presumably because it is given too late after diagnosis. We compared the efficacy of early treatment (within 6 months after diagnosis) with azathioprine versus conventional management of patients at high risk(More)
Endothelial cells play a central role in chronic inflammation: for example, they express adhesion molecules and present chemokines leading to enhanced leukocyte recruitment into tissues. Numerous markers of endothelial cells have been reported but there has been a lack of comparative data on their specificity. The present study compared the specificity of(More)
Crohn's disease is a chronic intestinal inflammatory process. In modern therapy, TNF-alpha inhibition is the main goal. The aim here is to characterize the effects of Celastrol, a pentacyclic-triterpene, on the secretion of inflammatory cytokines by LPS-activated human cells. Celastrol dose-dependently inhibited the secretion of all tested pro-inflammatory(More)
In inflammatory cells, intracellular cAMP concentration is regulated by cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases 4. Therefore, PDE4 inhibition appears as a rational goal for treating acute or chronic inflammatory diseases. Selective PDE4 inhibitors have been developed, but due to unwanted side effects, search for new selective PDE4-inhibitors had to be pursued.(More)
Hypermanganesaemia is reported in patients on long-term parenteral nutrition. Deposition of manganese, giving high signal on T1-weighted images, may involve the basal ganglia. MRI in nine patients (mean age 51 years, range 31-75 years) on long-term parenteral nutrition (mean duration 30 months, range 6-126 months), demonstrated high signal in the anterior(More)
BACKGROUND Colonoscopy with pan-chromoendoscopy (CE) is superior to standard colonoscopy in detecting neoplasia in patients with IBD. Performing random biopsies in unsuspicious mucosa after CE remains controversial. METHODS Consecutive patients with IBD who underwent surveillance colonoscopy using CE were prospectively included. The standardised procedure(More)