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BACKGROUND Antiretroviral preexposure prophylaxis has been shown to reduce the risk of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in some studies, but conflicting results have been reported among studies, probably due to challenges of adherence to a daily regimen. METHODS We conducted a double-blind, randomized trial of antiretroviral therapy(More)
Although predictors of willingness to take daily, self-administered pre-exposure HIV prophylaxis (PrEP) for men who have sex with men (MSM) have been studied in the context of several PrEP trials internationally, little is known about MSM interested in participating in a trial on the use of PrEP on an "on -demand" basis, i.e., taking a first dose of(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the public health benefits of community-based, non-medicalized rapid HIV testing offers (CBOffer) specifically targeting men who have sex with men (MSM), compared with the standard medicalized HIV testing offer (SMOffer) in France. This study aimed to verify whether such a CBOffer, implemented in voluntary counselling and(More)
Objective: To describe a community-based HIV testing programme. testing conducted in non-medical settings in four French cities. Participants: Men who have sex with men (MSM). Intervention: Counselling and rapid HIV testing staffed by trained personnel from an HIV/AIDS community-based organisation. Primary and secondary outcome measures: The population that(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a community-based HIV testing programme. DESIGN AND SETTING An intervention of HIV voluntary testing conducted in non-medical settings in four French cities. PARTICIPANTS Men who have sex with men (MSM). INTERVENTION Counselling and rapid HIV testing staffed by trained personnel from an HIV/AIDS community-based organisation. (More)
In France, HIV testing can be easily performed in free and anonymous voluntary counselling testing (VCT) centres. The recent national study among French men who have sex with men (MSM) showed that 73% of those already tested for HIV had been tested in the previous two years. Nothing is known about the risk behaviours of MSM attending VCT centres. This study(More)
CONTEXT HIV self-tests are currently being introduced in France with the aim of promoting screening both for the general population and for high-risk populations. OBJECTIVE The current study aimed to identify and compare the information and support needs of the different target population groups. METHODS The Delphi process was used to synthesize expert(More)
Background. We aimed to identify factors associated with recent HIV testing in MSM who attended two experimental community-based and nonmedicalized voluntary counselling and testing programmes (CB-VCT) targeting MSM in France. Methods. This analysis was based on data collected in 2009-2011 through a self-administered pretesting questionnaire. An index(More)
AIMS To study the effectiveness of an educational intervention on risks associated with drug injection, comparing primary [unsafe HIV-hepatitis C virus (HCV) practices] and secondary (local complications at injecting site) end-points in harm reduction (HR) programmes offering this intervention versus HR programmes not offering it. DESIGN This non-random(More)