Jean-Marie Lauenstein

Learn More
We have tested the hypothesis: (1) that presumptive negative dromotropic vagal preganglionic neurons in the ventrolateral nucleus ambiguus (NA-VL) can be selectively labelled from the heart, by injecting one of two fluorescent tracers into the two intracardiac ganglia which independently control sino-atrial (SA) rate or atrioventricular (AV) conduction;(More)
Recent physiological evidence indicates that vagal postganglionic control of left ventricular contractility is mediated by neurons found in a ventricular epicardial fat pad ganglion. In the dog this region has been referred to as the cranial medial ventricular (CMV) ganglion [J.L. Ardell, Structure and function of mammalian intrinsic cardiac neurons, in:(More)
The locations, projections, and functions of the intracardiac ganglia are incompletely understood. Immunocytochemical labeling with the general neuronal marker protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) was used to determine the distribution of intracardiac neurons throughout the cat atria and ventricles. Fluorescence microscopy was used to determine the number of(More)
Activation of the vagus nerve leads to decreases in sinoatrial (SA) rate, atrioventricular (AV) conduction, and myocardial contractility. Previous data are consistent with the hypothesis that vagal control of cardiac rate and AV conduction are mediated by two anatomically separated and physiologically independent parasympathetic intracardiac ganglia located(More)
Previous research from this laboratory has shown that substance P-immunoreactive (SP) terminals synapse upon negative chronotropic vagal preganglionic neurons (VPNs), but not upon negative dromotropic VPNs, of the ventrolateral nucleus ambiguus (NA-VL). Moreover, SP agonists injected into NA-VL cause bradycardia without decreasing AV conduction. In the(More)
Physiological and light microscopic evidence suggest that substance P (SP) may be a neurotransmitter contained in first-order sensory baroreceptor afferents; however, ultrastructural support for this hypothesis is lacking. We have traced the central projections of the carotid sinus nerve (CSN) in the cat by utilizing the transganglionic transport of(More)
The vagal postganglionic control of cardiac rate is mediated by two intracardiac ganglia, i.e., the sinoatrial (SA) and posterior atrial (PA) ganglia. Nothing is known about the vagal preganglionic neurons (VPNs) that innervate the PA ganglion or about the neurochemical anatomy of central afferents that innervate these VPNs. These issues were examined using(More)