Jean-Marie Lauenstein

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Previous research from this laboratory has shown that substance P-immunoreactive (SP) terminals synapse upon negative chronotropic vagal preganglionic neurons (VPNs), but not upon negative dromotropic VPNs, of the ventrolateral nucleus ambiguus (NA-VL). Moreover, SP agonists injected into NA-VL cause bradycardia without decreasing AV conduction. In the(More)
The locations, projections, and functions of the intracardiac ganglia are incompletely understood. Immunocytochemical labeling with the general neuronal marker protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) was used to determine the distribution of intracardiac neurons throughout the cat atria and ventricles. Fluorescence microscopy was used to determine the number of(More)
Recent physiological evidence indicates that vagal postganglionic control of left ventricular contractility is mediated by neurons found in a ventricular epicardial fat pad ganglion. In the dog this region has been referred to as the cranial medial ventricular (CMV) ganglion [J.L. Ardell, Structure and function of mammalian intrinsic cardiac neurons, in:(More)
We have tested the hypothesis: (1) that presumptive negative dromotropic vagal preganglionic neurons in the ventrolateral nucleus ambiguus (NA-VL) can be selectively labelled from the heart, by injecting one of two fluorescent tracers into the two intracardiac ganglia which independently control sino-atrial (SA) rate or atrioventricular (AV) conduction;(More)
Physiological and light microscopic evidence suggest that substance P (SP) may be a neurotransmitter contained in first-order sensory baroreceptor afferents; however, ultrastructural support for this hypothesis is lacking. We have traced the central projections of the carotid sinus nerve (CSN) in the cat by utilizing the transganglionic transport of(More)
Almost every space mission uses vertical power metal-semiconductor-oxide field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) in its power-supply circuitry. These devices can fail catastrophically due to single-event gate rupture (SEGR) when exposed to energetic heavy ions. To reduce SEGR failure risk, the off-state operating voltages of the devices are derated based upon(More)
The vagal postganglionic control of cardiac rate is mediated by two intracardiac ganglia, i.e., the sinoatrial (SA) and posterior atrial (PA) ganglia. Nothing is known about the vagal preganglionic neurons (VPNs) that innervate the PA ganglion or about the neurochemical anatomy of central afferents that innervate these VPNs. These issues were examined using(More)
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