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In the mouse, infection with Schistosoma mansoni results in an egg-producing infection and associated disease, whereas vaccination with attenuated larval stages produces a substantial and specific immunity in the absence of egg-induced pathology. Preliminary data showing enhanced interleukin-5 (IL-5) production by T cells from infected mice and interferon(More)
To characterize Th cell populations induced by helminth infection, spleen cells from mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni were stimulated with parasite (worm or egg Ag) or mitogen (Con A) and the supernatants assayed for the Th1-specific cytokines IFN-gamma and IL-2 and the Th2-specific cytokines IL-4 and IL-5. Th2 cytokine production was not detected in(More)
Giardia, a flagellated protozoan that infects the upper small intestine of its vertebrate host, is the most common parasitic protist responsible for diarrhea worldwide. Molecules released by the parasite, particularly excretory and secretory antigens, seemed to be associated with pathogenesis as well as with the expression of Giardia virulence. In the(More)
The mechanisms involved in the induction of the immune response in humans or experimental hosts infected with Giardia intestinalis are not well understood. The results of previous studies indicate that the parasite induces a mixed Th1/Th2 response and that, in experimentally infected mice, the parasite's excreted/secreted (E/S) proteins contain cysteine(More)
The glycanic epitope of the 38,000 Mr Schistosoma mansoni schistosomula major immunogen defined by the IPLSm1 protective mAb was identified in the hemocyanin of the marine mollusc Megathura crenulata, better known as KLH. This antigenic community was exploited to investigate further the biological properties of this epitope. KLH was shown to strongly(More)
The expression of similar antigenic determinants by trematode parasites and their intermediate (invertebrate) or definitive (vertebrate) hosts has been previously reported. Studies of experimental and human infection by the parasite Schistosoma mansoni have revealed the strong immunogenicity of a surface antigen with a relative molecular mass (Mr) 38,000(More)
The complementary DNA sequence encoding the Mr 28,000 antigen of Schistosoma mansoni has been isolated and expressed in Escherichia coli. Experimental vaccination of rats, hamsters and monkeys with a recombinant fusion protein induces a strongly cytotoxic antibody response. Immunization of rats and hamsters with this protein leads to significant protection(More)
The specific IgA antibody responses to the protective recombinant Schistosoma mansoni 28-kDa glutathione-S-transferase (Sm28GST) Ag and to derived synthetic peptides have been evaluated before and 6 mo after chemotherapy in S. mansoni-infected patients from Kenya. These studies revealed a parallelism between the age-dependent evolution of IgA antibody(More)
The incidence of the X-linked immunodeficiency (Xid) on the outcome of Schistosoma mansoni infection has been evaluated through a comparative analysis of parasitological and immune parameters in two different mouse strains: control BALB/c and BALB. Xid mice which carry the Xid mutation and lack B1 (CD5+ B) cells. This study clearly demonstrates that(More)
A total of 129 children were treated for Schistosoma mansoni infections, and followed for intensity of reinfection at 3-monthly intervals over a 21-month period. Blood samples were taken before treatment and at 5 weeks and 6, 12 and 18 months after treatment. This paper presents a statistical analysis of the relationship between various immune responses and(More)