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The peripheral benzodiazepine receptors (PBR) might be involved in certain pathophysiological events, such as anxiety, by stimulating the production of neuroactive steroids in the brain. A recent electrophysiological study has revealed an interaction between PK11195, a PBR ligand and the anxiolytic compound etifoxine at micromolar concentrations. The(More)
Peripheral nerves show spontaneous regenerative responses, but recovery after injury or peripheral neuropathies (toxic, diabetic, or chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy syndromes) is slow and often incomplete, and at present no efficient treatment is available. Using well-defined peripheral nerve lesion paradigms, we assessed the therapeutic(More)
Change in the function of gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA(A)) receptors attributable to alterations in receptor subunit composition is one of main molecular mechanisms with those affecting the glutamatergic system which accompany prolonged alcohol (ethanol) intake. These changes explain in part the central nervous system hyperexcitability consequently to(More)
In order to specify the nature of interactions between the analgesic compound nefopam and the glutamatergic system, we examined the effects of nefopam on binding of specific ligands on the three main subtypes ionotropic glutamate receptors: N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA), or quisqualic acid (QA)(More)
Anxiety disorders are often associated with autonomic symptoms, including heart palpitations, sweating, elevation of body temperature and alterations of gastrointestinal motility. Some of the alterations observed in animals exposed to stress are analogous to changes in a number of physiological and endocrine parameters observed in anxious patients. With the(More)
The non-opiate analgesic nefopam has been shown to inhibit monoamines uptake, but little is known about receptor subtypes effectively involved in its analgesic effect. In vitro binding assays yielded the following measures of affinity (IC(50)): serotonergic 5-HT(2C) (1.4 microM), 5-HT(2A) (5.1 microM), 5-HT(3) (22.3 microM), 5-HT(1B) (41.7 microM), 5-HT(1A)(More)
Dysfunction of GABAergic transmission related to abnormal expression of GABA(A) receptor subunits in specific brain regions underlies some pathological anxiety states. Besides involvement of the benzodiazepine recognition site of GABA(A) receptor in the expression of anxiety-like behaviour, the roles of the β(2)/β(3) subunits are not well characterized. To(More)
We hypothesized that functional changes in the GABAergic system induced by stress would differ between two inbred mouse strains BALB/cByJ and C57BL/6J. We compared the effects of restraint stress and of the anxiolytic drug etifoxine (EFX) on the duration of pentobarbital-induced loss of righting reflex (hypnotic effect) in the two strains. Naive BALB/cByJ(More)
The objective of this study was to resolve discrepancies regarding the possible antinociceptive synergy between morphine and nefopam in animal models of pain. Firstly, we have examined the antinociceptive activity of nefopam, a nonopioid antinociceptive compound that inhibits monoamine reuptake, in pain models of allodynia and hyperalgesia induced by(More)
RATIONALE A disordered regulation of neuroactive steroids release in response to acute stress could induce GABAergic dysfunctions underlying anxiety disorders. OBJECTIVES First, we conducted studies indicating that a short immobilization stress in anxious Balb/cByJ mice produced an anticonvulsive effect. Second, the effects of different positive(More)