Jean Marie Conil

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The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters of a continuous infusion of cefepime vs. an intermittent regimen in critically ill adult patients with Gram-negative bacilli infection. The prospective randomized parallel study was carried out in 50 patients with severe pneumonia (n = 41) or bacteremia (n = 9). They(More)
AIM The standard dosage recommendations for beta-lactam antibiotics can result in very low drug levels in intensive care (IC) patients and burn patients in the absence of renal dysfunction. We studied the pharmacokinetic parameters and serum concentrations of ceftazidime (CF) and cefepime (CE) in burn patients and analyzed the modifications according to(More)
Altered pharmacokinetics in burn patients may affect antibiotic plasma concentrations. Typical once-daily dosing (ODD) of 15 mg/kg amikacin (AMK) in burn patients does not always produce peak concentrations (C(max)) reaching the therapeutic objective of six to eight times the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC). We recorded plasma concentrations(More)
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT * In burn patients it has been shown ([2]), that there is a correlation between the creatinine clearance (CL(CR)) and the clearance of inulin. * The CL(CR) has never been studied in burn patients who have normal serum creatinine. * The Robert, Kirkpatrick and sMDRD formulae have never been evaluated in burn patients.(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study, performed in an intensive care unit (ICU) population with a normal serum creatinine, was to estimate urinary creatinine clearance (CLCR) in a population of polytrauma patients (PT) through a comparison with a population of non trauma patients (NPT). METHODS This was a retrospective, observational study in a medical and(More)
BACKGROUND In ICU patients with normal serum creatinine (SCr), a state of increased renal drug excretion has been described (creatinine clearance ≥130 ml/min/1.73 m(2)), and named augmented renal clearance (ARC). In ICU patients, the accuracy of GFR estimates is insufficient. However, in clinical practice, the physician has not at one's disposal patient(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the best estimate of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to adjust vancomycin (VAN) dosage in critically ill patients. Seventy-eight adult intensive care unit patients received a 15 mg/kg loading dose of VAN plus a 30 mg/kg/day continuous infusion. Steady-state concentration was measured 48 hours later and the dose(More)
OBJECTIVE The emergence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistance to antimicrobial drugs is frequent in intensive care units and may be correlated with the use of some specific drugs. The purpose of our study was to identify a relationship between the use of various beta-lactam antibiotics and the emergence of resistance and to characterize the mechanism of(More)
CONTEXT Pain and discomfort arising from the routine care of intubated patients in the ICU is managed by continuous infusion of narcotic and sedative drugs. There is benefit in keeping infusion rates low because lightening sedation improves clinical outcome, but this risks breakthrough pain. Management of this discomfort by bolus administration could permit(More)