Jean-Marc Saint-Hilaire

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Although many genes that predispose for epilepsy in humans have been determined, those that underlie the classical syndromes of idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) have yet to be identified. We report that an Ala322Asp mutation in GABRA1, encoding the alpha1 subunit of the gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subtype A (GABA(A)), is found in affected(More)
The effects of physiological noise and modelling procedure on spatio-temporal source modelling (STSM) solutions were examined by adding EEG noise (3-4% of total energy) to synthetic signals from 3 dipoles producing topographies that partially cancelled at the surface of an homogeneous sphere. Three patterns of source activation profiles were each associated(More)
The localization of intracranial sources of EEG or MEG signals can be misled by the combined effect of several sources, as illustrated by simulated MEG data in which two of the three dipolar sources have slightly out of phase activity and partly complementary scalp topographies. These data were analysed by three different source localization methods.(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical features that may help to differentiate medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) from neocortical temporal lobe epilepsy (NTLE) are lacking. OBJECTIVE To investigate the localizing and lateralizing value of the association of ipsilateral motor automatisms and contralateral dystonic posturing in patients with medically refractory temporal(More)
OBJECT The insular region has long been neglected in the investigation and treatment of refractory epilepsy. Surgery in the insular region is rarely performed because of the risk of injury to the opercula, the arteries transiting on the surface of the insula, and the deep structures such as the basal ganglia and the internal capsule. This study was(More)
We examined the hypothesis of dorsomedial frontal lobe involvement in target detection through the effects of distractor interference and multiple target interference on unilateral lobectomy patients. Seven patients who underwent a unilateral frontal lobectomy for epilepsy involving dorsomedial cortex and variable amounts of lateral cortex were compared to(More)
We examined the somatosensory perceptions evoked by stimulation of rolandic and parietal brain regions in 40 epileptic patients undergoing a presurgical investigation with intracerebral electrodes. Bipolar stimulation trains were delivered in an incremental sequence at medial and/or lateral contact pairs of stereotaxically implanted, multi-contact(More)
The literature in animals and humans which indicate that systemic procaine HCl activates limbic tissue is reviewed. Studies in cats which suggest that procaine excites limbic cells by reducing neural inhibition are then described. Evidence that power spectral analysis of high frequency EEG bands (omega or 31-55 cps) in the temporal cortical EEG reflects(More)