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Although many genes that predispose for epilepsy in humans have been determined, those that underlie the classical syndromes of idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) have yet to be identified. We report that an Ala322Asp mutation in GABRA1, encoding the alpha1 subunit of the gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subtype A (GABA(A)), is found in affected(More)
The effects of physiological noise and modelling procedure on spatio-temporal source modelling (STSM) solutions were examined by adding EEG noise (3-4% of total energy) to synthetic signals from 3 dipoles producing topographies that partially cancelled at the surface of an homogeneous sphere. Three patterns of source activation profiles were each associated(More)
The localization of intracranial sources of EEG or MEG signals can be misled by the combined effect of several sources, as illustrated by simulated MEG data in which two of the three dipolar sources have slightly out of phase activity and partly complementary scalp topographies. These data were analysed by three different source localization methods.(More)
We studied 24 patients who had adversion as the first clinical manifestation of seizures. Seizures were recorded with depth electrodes as part of the evaluation for possible surgery for epilepsy. Head rotation did not help to lateralize the epileptic focus clinically, because deviations occurred ipsilaterally to the EEG focus in some patients, and because(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical features that may help to differentiate medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) from neocortical temporal lobe epilepsy (NTLE) are lacking. OBJECTIVE To investigate the localizing and lateralizing value of the association of ipsilateral motor automatisms and contralateral dystonic posturing in patients with medically refractory temporal(More)
PURPOSE Recent evidence suggesting that some epilepsy surgery failures could be related to unrecognized insular epilepsy have led us to lower our threshold to sample the insula with intracerebral electrodes. In this study, we report our experience resulting from this change in strategy. METHODS During the period extending from October 2004 to June 2007,(More)
We examined the prognostic value of spatial and temporal characteristics of intracerebral propagation of seizures during temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) surgery. Seven TLE patients resistant to standard anterotemporal lobectomy who had no known causes of resistance [e.g., extratemporal (ET), lesions, multifocal epilepsy] were matched with 7 seizure-free(More)
It has been known for centuries that sleep and epilepsy have strong reciprocal influences. This is true for all kinds of epilepsies, although the nature of this influence varies quite markedly for each type. This extensive literature cannot be reviewed here, but some recent applications of these early studies will be given.