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Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HyperKPP) produces myotonia and attacks of muscle weakness triggered by rest after exercise or by K+ ingestion. We introduced a missense substitution corresponding to a human familial HyperKPP mutation (Met1592Val) into the mouse gene encoding the skeletal muscle voltage-gated Na+ channel NaV1.4. Mice heterozygous for this(More)
Membrane excitability is a critical regulatory step in skeletal muscle contraction and is modulated by local ionic concentrations, conductances, ion transporter activities, temperature, and humoral factors. Intense fatiguing contractions induce cellular K(+) efflux and Na(+) and Cl(-) influx, causing pronounced perturbations in extracellular (interstitial)(More)
ATP provides the energy in our muscles to generate force, through its use by myosin ATPases, and helps to terminate contraction by pumping Ca(2+) back into the sarcoplasmic reticulum, achieved by Ca(2+) ATPase. The capacity to use ATP through these mechanisms is sufficiently high enough so that muscles could quickly deplete ATP. However, this potentially(More)
A possible role of extracellular Cl(-) concentration ([Cl(-)](o)) in fatigue was investigated in isolated skeletal muscles of the mouse. When [Cl(-)](o) was lowered from 128 to 10 mM, peak tetanic force was unchanged, fade was exacerbated (wire stimulation electrodes), and a hump appeared during tetanic relaxation in both nonfatigued slow-twitch soleus and(More)
A therapeutic approach for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is to up-regulate utrophin in skeletal muscle in an effort to compensate for the lack of dystrophin. We previously hypothesized that promotion of the slow, oxidative myogenic program, which triggers utrophin up-regulation, can attenuate the dystrophic pathology in mdx animals. Since treatment of(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether an increased duration of the action potential contributes to the K+-induced twitch potentiation at 37 degrees C. Twitch contractions were elicited by field stimulation, and action potentials were measured with conventional microelectrodes. For mouse extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle, twitch force was(More)
It has long been suggested that in skeletal muscle, the ATP-sensitive K(+) channel (K(ATP)) channel is important in protecting energy levels and that abolishing its activity causes fiber damage and severely impairs function. The responses to a lack of K(ATP) channel activity vary between muscles and fibers, with the severity of the impairment being the(More)
One objective of this study was to document how individual FDB muscle fibers depend on the myoprotection of KATP channels during fatigue. Verapamil, a CaV1.1 channel blocker, prevents large increases in unstimulated force during fatigue in KATP-channel-deficient muscles. A second objective was to determine if verapamil reduces unstimulated [Ca(2+)]i in(More)
We examined whether electrical field stimulation with varying characteristics could excite isolated mammalian skeletal muscle through different sites. Supramaximal (20-V, 0.1-ms) pulse stimulation with transverse wire or parallel plate electrodes evoked similar forces in nonfatigued slow-twitch soleus and fast-twitch extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a devastating genetic muscular disorder of childhood marked by progressive debilitating muscle weakness and wasting, and ultimately death in the second or third decade of life. Wnt7a signaling through its receptor Fzd7 accelerates and augments regeneration by stimulating satellite stem cell expansion through the planar(More)