Jean Marc Pascussi

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The fully active dihydroxylated metabolite of vitamin D(3) induces the expression of CYP3A4 and, to a lesser extent, CYP2B6 and CYP2C9 genes in normal differentiated primary human hepatocytes. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays and cotransfection in HepG2 cells using wild-type and mutated oligonucleotides revealed that the vitamin D receptor (VDR) binds(More)
Numerous chemicals increase the metabolic capability of organisms by their ability to activate genes encoding various xenochemical-metabolizing enzymes, such as cytochromes P450 (CYPs), transferases and transporters. For example, natural and synthetic glucocorticoids (agonists and antagonists) as well as other clinically important drugs induce the hepatic(More)
Xenobiotic and drug metabolism and transport are managed by a large number of genes coordinately regulated by at least three nuclear receptors or xenosensors: aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3), and pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2). Initially characterized as xenosensors, it is now evident that CAR and PXR also(More)
Although cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) is a major CYP expressed in the adult human liver, its mechanism of regulation is poorly known. In previous work, we have shown that CYP2C9 is inducible in primary human hepatocytes by xenobiotics including dexamethasone, rifampicin, and phenobarbital. The aim of this work was to investigate the molecular mechanism(s)(More)
SHP (small heterodimer partner, NR1I0) is an atypical orphan member of the nuclear receptor subfamily in that it lacks a DNA-binding domain. It is mostly expressed in the liver, where it binds to and inhibits the function of nuclear receptors. SHP is up-regulated by primary bile acids, through the activation of their receptor farnesoid X receptor, leading(More)
The expression of many genes involved in xenobiotic/drug metabolism and transport is regulated by at least three nuclear receptors or xenosensors: aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), and pregnane X receptor (PXR). These receptors establish crosstalk with other nuclear receptors or transcription factors controlling(More)
The body defends itself against potentially harmful compounds, such as drugs and toxic endogenous compounds and their metabolites, by inducing the expression of enzymes and transporters involved in their metabolism and elimination. The orphan nuclear receptor CAR (NR1I3 controls phase I (CYP2B, CYP2C, CYP3A), phase II (UGT1A1), and transporter (SLC21A6,(More)
UNLABELLED Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) is a major transcriptional regulator of lipid metabolism. It is activated by diverse chemicals such as fatty acids (FAs) and regulates the expression of numerous genes in organs displaying high FA catabolic rates, including the liver. The role of this nuclear receptor as a sensor of(More)
The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) belongs to a superfamily of ligand-regulated nuclear steroid hormone receptors. The steps in the signal transduction pathway leading to the biological effects of glucocorticoids (GCs) include sequentially binding of the steroid to the GR ligand binding domain (LBD), receptor transformation1–3, nuclear translocation and(More)
During the inflammatory response, intrahepatic cholestasis and decreased drug metabolism are frequently observed. At the hepatic level, the orphan nuclear constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) (NR1I3) controls phase I (cytochrome P450 [CYP] 2B and CYP3A), phase II (UGT1A1), and transporter (SLC21A6, MRP2) genes involved in drug metabolism and bilirubin(More)