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Identifying the mechanisms of eukaryotic genome evolution by comparative genomics is often complicated by the multiplicity of events that have taken place throughout the history of individual lineages, leaving only distorted and superimposed traces in the genome of each living organism. The hemiascomycete yeasts, with their compact genomes, similar(More)
The yeast Yarrowialipolytica has developed very efficient mechanisms for breaking down and using hydrophobic substrates. It is considered an oleaginous yeast, based on its ability to accumulate large amounts of lipids. Completion of the sequencing of the Y.lipolytica genome and the existence of suitable tools for genetic manipulation have made it possible(More)
Few selective markers are available for the transformation of the industrial yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, and those that are require the use of specialized hosts (e.g., auxotrophs, antibiotic sensitive). To enable the transformation of any Y. lipolytica strain, we used the property that Y. lipolytica cannot use sucrose as a sole carbon source. We have(More)
Strains and vectors for protein expression and secretion have been developed in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Host strains were constructed with non-reverting auxotrophic markers, deletions of protease-encoding genes, and carrying a docking platform. To drive transcription, either the synthetic hp4d or the inducible POX2 promoter were used. Protein(More)
The oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica can accumulate up to 38% of its dry weight (DW) as lipids. Factors involved in lipid accumulation, particularly triglycerides, are not well identified. Using different mutations in the glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) shuttle pathway (Δgut2 affecting the anabolic dehydrogenase or overexpressing GPD1 affecting the catabolic(More)
Five isoforms of acyl-CoA oxidase (Aox), designated Aox1p to Aox5p, constitute a 443-kD heteropentameric complex containing one polypeptide chain of each isoform within the peroxisomal matrix of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Assembly of the Aox complex occurs in the cytosol and precedes its import into peroxisomes. Peroxisomal targeting of the Aox complex(More)
The non-conventional yeast Yarrowia lipolytica produces an extracellular lipase encoded by the LIP2 gene. Mutant strains with enhanced productivity were previously obtained either by chemical mutagenesis or genetic engineering. In this work, we used one of these mutants, named LgX64.81 to select new overproducing strains following by amplification of the(More)
Using an EcoRI-BglII fragment of the G unit of the rDNA of Y. lipolytica and a set of 11 deletions in the URA3 promoter, we have constructed several plasmids to test gene amplification in the rDNA. These plasmids contain the rDNA fragment for integration, defective versions of the URA3 gene, the XPR2 gene encoding alkaline extracellular protease (AEP) as a(More)
The oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica is known to inhabit various lipid-containing environments. One of the most striking features in this yeast is the presence of several multigene families involved in the metabolic pathways of hydrophobic substrate utilization. The complexity and the multiplicity of these genes give Y. lipolytica a wide capability(More)
Lipid particles (LP) of all types of cells are a depot of neutral lipids. The present investigation deals with the isolation of LP from the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica and the characterization of their lipid and protein composition. Properties of LP varied depending on the carbon source. LP from glucose-grown cells revealed a mean diameter of 650 nm with a(More)