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Identifying the mechanisms of eukaryotic genome evolution by comparative genomics is often complicated by the multiplicity of events that have taken place throughout the history of individual lineages, leaving only distorted and superimposed traces in the genome of each living organism. The hemiascomycete yeasts, with their compact genomes, similar(More)
Five isoforms of acyl-CoA oxidase (Aox), designated Aox1p to Aox5p, constitute a 443-kD heteropentameric complex containing one polypeptide chain of each isoform within the peroxisomal matrix of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Assembly of the Aox complex occurs in the cytosol and precedes its import into peroxisomes. Peroxisomal targeting of the Aox complex(More)
In Yarrowia lipolytica, targeted gene replacement occurs only with long length (1 kb) homologous flanking fragments, as this yeast preferentially uses the non-homologous end-joining mechanism (NHEJ) for DNA repair over homologous recombination (HR). To improve the frequency of HR, we identified and disrupted the KU70 and KU80 genes responsible for double(More)
Yarrowia lipolytica contains five acyl-coenzyme A oxidases (Aox), encoded by the POX1 to POX5 genes, that catalyze the limiting step of peroxisomal beta-oxidation. In this study, we analyzed morphological changes of Y. lipolytica growing in an oleic acid medium and the effect of POX deletions on lipid accumulation. Protrusions involved in the uptake of(More)
We describe unusual ergosterol- and ceramide-rich (ECR) domains in the membrane of yeast peroxisomes. Several key features of these detergent-resistant domains, including the nature of their sphingolipid constituent and its unusual distribution across the membrane bilayer, clearly distinguish them from well characterized detergent-insoluble lipid rafts in(More)
Triacylglycerols (TAG) and steryl esters (SE) are the principal storage lipids in all eukaryotic cells. In yeasts, these storage lipids accumulate within special organelles known as lipid bodies (LB). In the lipid accumulation-oriented metabolism of the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, storage lipids are mostly found in the form of TAG, and only small(More)
Although there are numerous oleochemical applications for ricinoleic acid (RA) and its derivatives, their production is limited and subject to various safety legislations. In an effort to produce RA from alternative sources, we constructed a genetically modified strain of the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. This strain is unable to perform β-oxidation(More)
Yarrowia lipolytica is a genetically tractable yeast species that has become an attractive model for analyses of lipid metabolism, due to its oleaginous nature. We investigated the regulation and evolution of lipid metabolism in non-Saccharomycetaceae yeasts, by carrying out a comparative physiological analysis of eight species recently assigned to the(More)
Strains and vectors for protein expression and secretion have been developed in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Host strains were constructed with non-reverting auxotrophic markers, deletions of protease-encoding genes, and carrying a docking platform. To drive transcription, either the synthetic hp4d or the inducible POX2 promoter were used. Protein(More)
We describe an unusual mechanism for organelle division. In the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, only mature peroxisomes contain the complete set of matrix proteins. These mature peroxisomes assemble from several immature peroxisomal vesicles in a multistep pathway. The stepwise import of distinct subsets of matrix proteins into different immature intermediates(More)